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How To Calculate Mortgage Payment In Excel

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How To Calculate Mortgage Payments For A Home

How To Calculate Loan Payments Using The PMT Function In Excel

To use the Forbes Mortgage Adviser Calculator, follow these steps: Enter your home value and the amount of the down payment. First add the total value of the house you want to buy on the left side of the screen. Enter your interest rate. If you’ve searched for a loan before and got a range of interest rates, enter one of these values ââin the interest field. Select an expiration date.

Tip: Return Payments As Positive Numbers

Because a loan is paid out of your bank account, Excel functions return the payment, interest and principal as negative numbers. By default, these values are highlighted in red and enclosed in parentheses as you can see in the image above.

If you prefer to have all the results as positive numbers, put a minus sign before the PMT, IPMT and PPMT functions.

For the Balance formulas, use subtraction instead of addition like shown in the screenshot below:

How To Calculate A Mortgage Payment With Excel

Calculating a mortgage payment in Microsoft Excel is really easy to do. This article will walk thru the steps needed to set up the calculation of the monthly loan payment. In the end, you will learn how to calculate a mortgage payment with Excel.

Excel has a number of financial functions built in. Namely, a function called PMT that used to calculate the payment for a loan for a fixed amount of time with a constant or fixed interest rate.

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Which Is The Best Mortgage Calculator

Top 5 Mortgage Calculators: How Much Can You Borrow? google. This is a new feature from Google that allows you to search for terms like “I can get 900 a month” mortgage or mortgage calculator. Mortgage calculation. I like this calculator for its simplicity. CNN money. Another calculator that I like for its simplicity. silver. UpNest Home Loan.

Cum Se Calculeaz Lunar Dobnda

How to Calculate a Monthly Payment in Excel: 12 Steps

Pentru a calcula dobânda lunar, pur i simplu împrii rata anual a dobânzii la 12 luni. Rata lunar a dobânzii rezultat este de 0.417%. Numrul total de perioade este calculat prin înmulirea numrului de ani cu 12 luni, deoarece dobânda se compune la o rat lunar.

De cât venit avei nevoie pentru un credit ipotecar de 350 USD? Un credit ipotecar de 000 USD cu o rat a dobânzii de 350% pe 4.5 de ani i un avans de 30 USD va necesita un venit anual de $ 86,331 pentru a se califica pentru împrumut. Putei calcula pentru i mai multe variaii ale acestor parametri cu ajutorul Calculatorului nostru de venit ipotecar necesar.

Cum calculez dobânda lunar pentru un împrumut în Excel?

  • IPMT este funcia de plat a dobânzii a Excel. Acesta returneaz valoarea dobânzii plii unui împrumut într-o anumit perioad, presupunând c rata dobânzii i suma total a unei pli sunt constante în toate perioadele.
  • Sptmânal: =IPMT
  • Lunar: =IPMT
  • Trimestrial:
  • Semianual:
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    Calculate The Number Of Payments

    The most common term for a fixed-rate mortgage is 30 years or 15 years. To get the number of monthly payments you’re expected to make, multiply the number of years by 12 .

    A 30-year mortgage would require 360 monthly payments, while a 15-year mortgage would require exactly half that number of monthly payments, or 180. Again, you only need these more specific figures if you’re plugging the numbers into the formula an online calculator will do the math itself once you select your loan type from the list of options.

    Use Conditional Formatting To Make It Pretty

    Recall that we set up this spreadsheet so that it could handle a maximum of 30 years of monthly payments. What would happen if the loan term was less than that ? Well, you would end up with a bunch of rows with zeros in them after the loan is paid off. Ugly.

    We can fix this with the Conditional Formatting functionality that is built in to recent versions of Excel. Basically, we’d like to make those “empty” cells disappear. If would also be nice if we could underline the last payment as well.

    First, select cells A10:E369 since we are going to apply the formatting to all of them at once. Now, go to Format » Conditional Formatting from the menus. That will launch the following dialog box.

    Notice that I have set two conditional formats. The first is the most important. It sets the text color to white for any cells after the last payment has been made. This effectively hides them, but the formulas are still there. We can determine if a cell is after the last payment by comparing the payment number with the total number of payments .

    I am using the “Formula Is” option, so select that from the drop-down list and then enter the formula: =$A10> and type it exactly. The $A10 is a relative reference so that in the next row it will change to $A11, then $A12, and so on. Now, press the Format button and set the font color to white.

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    Free Mortgage Payment Calculator

    The Vertex42® Mortgage Payment Calculator is a very simple spreadsheet that lets you compare different mortgages side-by-side. It calculates your monthly payment and lets you include additional extra payment to see how soon you could pay off your home, or how much you could save by paying less interest. You can also estimate the equity in your home after a specified number of years.

    If you are looking for a mortgage payment calculator that includes taxes, insurance, and other home ownership expenses, try our Home Expense Calculator.

    Rate: Each Periods Interest Rate In Percentage Terms

    How to Calculate Monthly Mortgage Payment in Excel Using Function

    Lenders usually quote interest rates on an annual basis but this data point uses a periodic interest rate . Since we are calculating the monthly payment, we want to find the periodic rate for a single month. To do this, we’ll divide the interest rate by the number of periods to find the monthly interest rate.

    For example: Say you want to calculate a monthly mortgage payment using a 5% interest rate. Youd enter: “5%/12” or “0.05/12”, or the corresponding cell /12. Once you enter the interest rate, type a comma to move to the next data point.

    Caution: If you simply enter “5/12” instead, Excel will interpret this as a 500% annual rate paid monthly. Entering “5” will result in a 500% interest rate each month.

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    Calculate The Monthly Payment

    First, here’s how to calculate the monthly payment for a mortgage. Using the annual interest rate, the principal, and the duration, we can determine the amount to be repaid monthly.

    The formula, as shown in the screenshot above, is written as follows:


    The minus sign in front of PMT is necessary as the formula returns a negative number. The first three arguments are the rate of the loan, the length of the loan , and the principal borrowed. The last two arguments are optional, the residual value defaults to zero payable in advance or at the end is also optional.

    The Excel formula used to calculate the monthly payment of the loan is:

    = PMT^-1 B4*12 B3)=PMT^-1 10*12 120000)

    Explanation: For the rate, we use the monthly rate , then we calculate the number of periods and, finally, we indicate the principal borrowed. Our monthly payment will be $1,161.88 over 10 years.

    Determine Your Mortgage Principal

    The initial loan amount is referred to as the mortgage principal.

    For example, someone with $100,000 cash can make a 20% down payment on a $500,000 home, but will need to borrow $400,000 from the bank to complete the purchase. The mortgage principal is $400,000.

    If you have a fixed-rate mortgage, you’ll pay the same amount each month. With each monthly mortgage payment, more money will go toward your principal, and less will go toward your interest.

    Read Also: Monthly Mortgage On 1 Million

    Example : Enhanced Loan Calculator

    In the previous examples, you had to enter the total number of payments due, after calculating that number — number of years in the loan term, times the number of payments per year.

    To make things easier, this Excel loan payment calculator lets you select the payment frequency from a drop down list of options.

    In the sample file, the Lists sheet has a lookup table of frequencies and number of payments per year, for each frequency.

    Based on the frequency that you select, a number of payments per year is calculated in cell E5, using a VLOOKUP formula.


    The payment amount is calculated with the PMT function:


    In this workbook, there is a minus sign before the present value variable, so the monthly payment is shown as a positive number. You can omit the minus sign, to show the payment as a negative number.

    Find Out Whether You Need Private Mortgage Insurance

    Excel formula: Estimate mortgage payment

    Private mortgage insurance is required if you put down less than 20% of the purchase price when you get a conventional mortgage, or what you probably think of as a “regular mortgage.” Most commonly, your PMI premium will be added to your monthly mortgage payments by the lender.

    The exact cost will be detailed in your loan estimate, but PMI typically costs between 0.2% and 2% of your mortgage principal.

    Oftentimes, PMI can be waived once the homeowner reaches 20% equity in the home.

    Recommended Reading: 10 Year Treasury Yield And Mortgage Rates

    How To Use The Pmt Function To Calculate Loan Payments In Excel

    Let’s say you are shopping for a mortgage and want to know what your prospective monthly payment would be. To calculate, all you need are the three data points mentioned above:

    • Interest rate: 5.0%

    • Length of loan: 30 years

    • The amount borrowed: $250,000

    Start by typing Monthly payment in a cell underneath your loan details. To use the PMT function, select the cell to the right of Monthly payment and type in “=PMT(” without the quotation marks. You will then be asked to enter the aforementioned data points:

    How To Calculate Monthly Mortgage Payment In Excel

    For most of modern people, to calculate monthly mortgage payment has become a common job. In this article, I introduce the trick to calculating monthly mortgage payment in Excel for you.

    Calculate monthly mortgage payment with formula

    To calculate monthly mortgage payment, you need to list some information and data as below screenshot shown:

    Then in the cell next to Payment per month , B5 for instance, enter this formula =PMT, press Enter key, the monthly mortgage payments has been displayed. See screenshot:


    1. In the formula, B2 is the annual interest rate, B4 is the number of payments per year, B5 is the total payments months, B1 is the loan amount, and you can change them as you need.

    2. If you want to calculate the total loancost, you can use this formula =B6*B5, B6 is the payment per month, B5 is the total number of payments months, you can change as you need. See screenshot:

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    More Calculator Options To Make Your Life Easier

    My Excel calculators have some more options that will make your life easier. These options make these calculators more versatile when compared with the other calculators available online.

    Here are those options:

    • Interest Compounding Frequency: In some countries, payments are due monthly but interest might compound in other periods. For example, in Canada, mortgage loan payment is monthly, but the interest rate is compounded semi-annually. Interest Compounding Frequency has options like weekly, bi-weekly, semi-monthly, monthly, bi-monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, and yearly.

    But the caution is:Interest Compounding Frequency

    • Payment Type: You can also use a different payment type for your calculations. For some loans, Payment Type can be at the beginning of the period. In most cases, payment is done at the end of the period. Whatever it is: there are two values for your use.
    • Total Time: In the loan summary part, you will be able to find the real Years, Months and Days to pay off all the loan with your activities.
    • Interest Savings: Est. Interest Savings is a good measurement of how much you are saving with your prepayments.

    Enter Your Mortgage Parameters

    Calculating Mortgage Payments Using Excel’s Solver Functionality

    First of all, youll need to collect the following data

    • Annual mortgage rate
    • Amortization period

    You can scan your mortgage providers website for typical rates and amortization periods.

    Heres a list of typical payment frequencies

    Payment Frequency

    The compound period can be rather confusing different countries accumulate mortgage interest at different points in the year. US mortgages compound every month, Canadian mortgages, compound twice a year and UK mortgages compound once per year. Other jurisdictions may have other compound periods, so double-check if youre not sure.

    Heres a summary of compound periods .


    Enter these parameters into Excel like so.

    Here, Ive formated the loan amount as currency, and the mortgage rate as a percent .

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    Example : Calculate Payment On Canadian Mortgage

    For Canadian mortgage loans, the interest is compounded semi-annually, rather than monthly, even if the payments are monthly. To calculate the payments, you need a different rate calculation, instead of the simple Rate/12.

    Note: Visit your bank’s website, or check with your banker, to confirm how your bank will calculate the payments.

    In this example:

    • The mortgage loan amount is $100,000
    • The interest rate is 5% annually, compounded semi-annually
    • The loan is for a 20 year term, with 240 monthly payments

    In cell C6, the PMT function calculates the monthly payment, based on the annual rate, the number of payments and the loan amount :


    Instead of simply dividing the rate by 12, the rate calculation is: ^-1

    • is the semi-annual interest as a proportion of the annual rate. In this example, the rate is 5/2 = 2.5% each 6 months. So at the end of 6 months you owe 1.025 of what you owed at the beginning.
    • Payments are monthly, and there are 6 months in a half year, so the proportional rate is raised to the power of 1/6. In this example, the monthly rate is 1.025 ^=1.00412391547
    • The 1, that was added for the rate calculation, is subtracted

    The payment, -657.13, is calculated as a negative amount, because you are paying that amount out of your bank account.

    If you would prefer to see the result as a positive number, you can use a minus sign before the PMT function:


    The Formula For Monthly Mortgage Payment In Excel

    Consider that, we want to start a business. For that, we need to take a loan. Now we would like to calculate the monthly mortgage payment. For example, we received a $150,000 term loan in cell C7 to start the business. The annualized rate of interest in cell C8 is 6%, the loan duration in cell C9 is 2 years and the loan must be repaid monthly, according to the terms of the sanction. Now, calculate the monthly mortgage payment using the information provided.

    The PMT function in excel can be used to compute expected mortgage payments using a formula. Now, lets have a look at the steps below.


    • Firstly, select the cell where we want to calculate the monthly payment. So, we select cell C13.
    • Next, we need to write down the formula. As we are using the PMT function, the formula is:


    • Now, we can see in cell C13, the monthly mortgage payment as a result.

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    Use If Statements In Amortization Formulas

    Because you now have many excessive period numbers, you have to somehow limit the calculations to the actual number of payments for a particular loan. This can be done by wrapping each formula into an IF statement. The logical test of the IF statement checks if the period number in the current row is less than or equal to the total number of payments. If the logical test is TRUE, the corresponding function is calculated if FALSE, an empty string is returned.

    Assuming Period 1 is in row 8, enter the following formulas in the corresponding cells, and then copy them across the entire table.

    Payment :

    =IF, “”)

    Interest :

    =IF, “”)

    Principal :

    =IF, “”)


    For Period 1 , the formula is the same as in the previous example:


    For Period 2 and all subsequent periods, the formula takes this shape:

    As the result, you have a correctly calculated amortization schedule and a bunch of empty rows with the period numbers after the loan is paid off.

    How To Calculate Mortgage Payment In Microsoft Excel Template

    Mortgage Payment Calculator

    To calculate your monthly mortgage payment, you need to provide certain information and data as shown below: Then in the cell next to Monthly Fee , for example B5, enter this formula =PMT , press Enter, the monthly mortgage payments will appear. See Screenshot: Excel Spreadsheet for Free Mortgage Payment.

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    Using Goal Seek To Solve For The Loan Amount

    If you want to solve for the loan amount by changing something else that is set up as a formula , you can use the Goal Seek feature in Excel. Watch the video below to see how.

    Note: This is an older video, and although the user interface is different now, the Goal Seek feature still works the same way.

    Calculate The Mortgage Payment

    The magical figure the amount of money per payment is then calculated with Excels PMT function. The full syntax is described here. Briefly, but PMT takes three arguments

    • the interest rate per payment,
    • the total number of payments across the lifetime of the mortgage ,
    • and the loan amount.

    Assuming that the mortgage parameters are entered into the cells as given in the screengrab above, youd enter PMT. Do this as illustrated in this screengrab.

    And there you have it! Ive calculated that my bi-weekly payment is $584.06 .

    Now that wasnt so difficult. You can now experiment with different payment frequencies, amortization periods and mortgage rates. Download the complete spreadsheet from the link at the bottom of this post.

    If you want a fully-featured spreadsheet to automate the task of calculating payments then download the exclusive Mortgage Payment Calculator!

    It offers a complete set of options in an easy-to-use interface, and gives you the total interest paid at the end of your mortgage term. This tool also generates a payment schedule so you know exactly when your payments will be taken out of your bank account. Get this spreadsheet here.

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