How Preapproval Letters Help Buyers
Preapproval letters make it easier for buyers to view homes, work with real estate agents and make qualified offers on properties that have piqued their interest. There are several benefits of getting preapproved for a mortgage before starting your house search, including:
- It lets you, as a buyer, know how much home you can realistically afford.
- It makes it easier to make offers on real estate properties.
- It inspires greater confidence in sellers.
- It may strengthen your ability to negotiate with home sellers.
- It can give you an advantage over competing buyers who havent been preapproved.
Get approved to see what you can afford.
Rocket Mortgage® lets you do it all online.
Mortgage Prequalification Letter: 1 To 3 Days
Before you start house hunting, apply for a prequalification letter from a mortgage lender. This will give you a rough estimate of how much a lender could offer you in a mortgage.
Dont wait on a prequalification letter just because youre not sure which lender to go with yet. Its not a contract between you and a lender, so you can get your prequalification letter from one lender and your mortgage from another.
Getting a prequalification letter takes one to three days, and its surprisingly simple. All you need to do is provide a lender your best guess on your income, credit history, assets, debt, and down payment. The more accurate your response, the more accurate your prequalification will be, but most lenders wont require any documentation at this phase.
However, when youre shopping for a home, its important to know where you stand financially. Look at your credit reports, bank statements, outstanding debts, and credit scores. If you dont know what your credit profile looks like, check Credit.coms free credit report.
What To Do If A Lender Refuses Your Mortgage Application
A lender could refuse you for a mortgage even if youve been preapproved.
Before a lender approves your loan, theyll verify that the property you want meets certain standards. These standards will vary from lender to lender.
Each lender sets their own lending guidelines and policies. A lender may refuse to grant you a mortgage if you have a poor credit history. There may be other reasons. If you dont get a mortgage, ask your lender about other options available to you.
Other options may include:
- approving you for a lower mortgage amount
- charging you a higher interest rate on the mortgage
- requiring that you provide a larger down payment
- requiring that someone co-sign with you on the mortgage
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How To Get A Mortgage Preapproval
Seeking mortgage preapproval from a lender is very similar to submitting a mortgage application. The big difference is that, unlike a mortgage application, preapproval doesn’t apply to a specific property. Based on a review of your credit and finances, including your credit and income history, debts and, possibly, other assets or sources of cash, the lender issues a letter indicating how much it is willing to lend you to buy a house, and at what interest rate.
When you apply for mortgage preapproval, you’ll need to furnish the lender the following items:
Personal And Mortgage Information
Enter your gross income, which is your total income before income taxes and other payroll deductions, like health insurance and retirement plan contributions.
Lenders base your income on your gross income, not your net income.
This can be anywhere from 10 years to 30 years, but entering 30 years will have the lowest payments, and enable you to qualify for the highest loan amount.
This is the rate you expect to pay on the loan youll receive. Based on current rates, 4% is a safe estimate. But be aware that based on your credit situation, you may not qualify for the lowest rate available.
How Long Does Prequalification Or Preapproval Take
Aside from their distinct roles in homebuying, prequalification and preapproval can take different amounts of time. Prequalifying at Bank of America is a quick process that can be done online, and you may get results within an hour. For mortgage preapproval, youll need to supply more information so the application is likely to take more time. You should receive your preapproval letter within 10 business days after youve provided all requested information.
How Long It Could Take To Get A Loan
The entire process of getting a mortgage loan comprises several processes. These include getting pre-approved and getting the home appraised before you get the loan. Because of the many steps in this process, it is impossible to put a definite time frame. In the usual market, it takes an average of 30 days to get a mortgage.
If there are problems with your application, getting your loan approved could take much longer. It is advisable to start the mortgage application process as soon as possible to shorten this process. You don’t have to wait until you find the perfect property before you begin the mortgage process. You can save time by starting the process to get pre-approved first.
Possible problems that might arise in the loan approval process include delayed appraisal, delayed tax transcript verification from the IRS, delayed verification of employment by employers, and provision of incomplete or incorrect information to the lender by the borrower. Although you may not have much control over most of these, you should ensure all documents provided to the lenders are submitted in a timely fashion and as detailed and accurate as possible. Doing this would speed up the approval process and shorten the time it takes to get a loan.
What Is The Difference Between Pre
Bogan says there is no official definition from Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac or from the Department of Housing and Urban Development .
The names pre-approval and pre-qualification can vary from Realtor to Realtor and lender to lender.
But generally speaking:
- A mortgage pre-qualification: estimates your borrowing power based on what you say about your financial situation
- A mortgage pre-approval: estimates your borrowing power based on what you can document about your financial situation.
So a pre-approval is more useful for serious home shoppers: It tells you and the seller that youre very likely to get approved by a lender.
Mortgage pre-qualification can be helpful, too, as long as you report your financial details accurately. A pre-qualification gives you an idea of how much money you might be approved for without taking you through the entire mortgage process.
What To Do When Your Preapproval Is Low
If your preapproval amount is lower than you’d like, you have a few options:
- Shop around: Different lenders may charge different interest rates, or be willing to work with you on mortgage programs that could be more favorable for you.
- Pay down debt: Your DTI is determined by how much debt you have. Pay down your debt, and you’ll be able to afford a larger mortgage.
- Work on your credit: If you don’t qualify for the best rates, try working on your credit score so you aren’t spending as much on financing costs. This will boost the amount you can afford.
- Increase your income: The other side of the DTI coin is your income. If you boost your income, you could qualify for a larger preapproval amount.
- Save up a larger down payment: Because most mortgages require a certain percentage down, a larger down payment translates into a potentially larger preapproval amount.
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How Quickly Can I Get Home Loan Approval
So, youve found the perfect house. Or maybe youre yet to start looking, but youve got that fat deposit sitting in your bank account ready to spend. Now you want to know, how quickly can I get pre-approval for a home loan?
From the time of lodging the application, getting pre-approval for a loan can take up to 10 business days. However, at uno we have some lenders that can give us an answer within 48 hours. We know that when you find the right home you want to act quickly. As an online mortgage broker, we strive to get you pre-approval as quickly as possible so that you can start the home buying process stat.
Do You Need To Use The Lender Who Issued Your Pre
At this point, you have started a relationship. You are turning over a substantial amount of private information. The decision usually has been made in your mind to use this person for the loan, Bogan says.
Often, once borrowers start the preapproval process with a lender, they use the same one for their home loan.
But its a competitive industry and youre not locked in. If you find better mortgage options with another lender for example, a better mortgage rate or better loan terms then its worth considering making the switch.
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Why Should I Get Preapproved
In todays housing market, it will be difficult to get a seller to consider your offer unless you have a mortgage preapproval . There are simply too many buyers for sellers to be willing to take a chance on one who hasnt at least talked to a lender about getting a mortgage.
Another important reason to get preapproved: It gives you an idea of how much home you can afford based on how much money a lender is prepared to let you borrow. This can save you time during house hunting by eliminating properties out of your price range.
What’s Involved To Get Your Full Mortgage Approval
When you’re ready to buy a house, we’ll complete your full mortgage approval. We take all the numbers and complexity down to a simple, stress-free process, outlining all your details for clearer decisions along the way.
Here are the seven factors that lenders use to qualify you for a mortgage loan:
- The size of your down payment
- Your income
- The property’s value
- Your proof of identity
We’ll help you assess and understand how a lender views your loan application, and what they look for in terms of a strong application.
A strong mortgage application will have these features:
- A housing expense ratio no greater than 39%
- A debt-to-income ratio no greater than 44%
- Proof of steady income
- Good credit standing
- A house that is worth the price the buyer is paying
- A down payment amount required based on the home price
- You’ll also need to qualify according to the latest federal stress-test rules, which may lower the amount of mortgage loan for which you qualify
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Two Smart Homebuying Moves: Mortgage Prequalification And Preapproval
Find out how much house you can borrow before you start looking and how you can make the strongest offer possible on the property you choose.
If youre ready to make your dream of owning a home a reality, youve probably already heard that you should consider getting prequalified or preapproved for a mortgage. Its time to understand exactly what each of those terms means and how they might help you. And when youre working toward a goal this big, you want every advantage.
Ready to prequalify or apply? Get started
Consider Other Associated Costs
As you go through the mortgage process, it’s important to think about the true cost of owning a home. Besides the costs required at closing and regular mortgage payments, there are other recurring costs such as property tax, home insurance, heating costs, condo fees and more. Even though pre-approval specifies an amount you may be approved for, consider a lower principal amount to reduce regular expenses while leaving money for other unforeseen expenses.
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Shop Around For A Great Pre
Just as youâll see several homes before settling on âthe oneâ, you should shop around for the best mortgage rate. Donât just go to your local bank branch and expect to receive a great deal. Do your research and compare mortgage rates, or use a mortgage broker who will negotiate on your behalf.
Even half a percentage point can make a huge difference in your regular payments and the amount of interest youâll pay over time. To see what we mean, plug your numbers into our mortgage payment calculator, then change the interest rate in small steps. Youâll very quickly see the difference!
What happens after your mortgage pre-approval? Generally, youâll have a 90 to 120 day period where your offered rate will be held for you. This is when you should begin house-hunting!
What Factors Are Considered For Preapproval
In addition to considering your credit score, lenders will want to verify your employment and income. Theyll also be considering your debt-to-income ratio , which is a calculation of your total monthly debts, divided by your monthly income. This ratio, expressed as a percentage, helps lenders make sure you have enough income to reasonably cover your debts.
The exact DTI needed for mortgage approval varies by loan type. But generally speaking, youll want your debt-to-income ratio to be 50% or lower.
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How Long Does It Take To Get Pre
With a traditional lender, it can take up to 10 days to get pre-approved but Credible offers a simpler process.
Edited byChris JenningsUpdated January 4, 2022
Our goal is to give you the tools and confidence you need to improve your finances. Although we receive compensation from our partner lenders, whom we will always identify, all opinions are our own. By refinancing your mortgage, total finance charges may be higher over the life of the loan. Credible Operations, Inc. NMLS # 1681276, is referred to here as “Credible.”
One of the most common pieces of advice offered to prospective homebuyers is to get pre-approved for a mortgage. However, many buyers arent aware how long the pre-approval process takes and how it can cut into their time to look for a house.
Heres what you can expect when you get a mortgage pre-approval, including the amount of time it takes to secure that pre-approval letter:
What To Bring To Your In
We want you to be ready for the pre-approval process and being prepared will help. For your meeting, you should plan to bring the following:
- Current address
- Previous address
- Current employment information
- Previous employment information
- If self-employed, the last 2 years Notice of Assessments from your Income Tax return
- Value of properties, automobiles, investments, and savings
- Most recent statements for mortgages, loans and lines of credit
- Most recent credit card statements
- Estimated value of your home
- Housing expenses
- Financial information for your co-borrower, if applicable
- Social Insurance Number
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What Does A Preapproval Letter Include
A preapproval letter includes your name, the price of the home you gave when requesting the preapproval, the loan amount youre preapproved for and the expiration date of the preapproval.
Some lenders also include conditions related to the preapproval in the letter, such as it only applying to a single-family home instead of multi-family property.
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Our True North Mortgage Brokers are knowledgeable, friendly and easy to get a hold of â real people who care about getting your best mortgage fit. We’re here for your lifetime of mortgage needs.
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Can You Get Denied After Being Preapproved For A Mortgage
Yes, you can get denied for a mortgage loan even after being preapproved for it. There are a number of reasons this could happen. For example:
- After preapproval, new negative information could appear in your credit history, dropping your score below the lenders qualification guidelines
- If you lost your job prior to closing on the loan, youd likely be denied. Thats because the lender can no longer verify youll be able to make your monthly payments
- Running up too much credit card debt before the loan closes
Basically, anything that significantly impacts your financial picture between your preapproval and loan closing could change your mortgage eligibility.
Also keep in mind that a preapproval typically happens prior to beginning your home search. As such, your new home must also be approved by the lender.
For example, the loan amount cant exceed the homes appraised value. And if youre getting an FHA loan or a VA loan, the new home must meet government safety standards. The presence of lead paint in an older home, for example, could derail the home-buying journey.
How Long Does It Take To Get A Pre
That depends on how strong of a homebuyer you are, Bogan says. For someone who produces the information that is requested and doesnt have a lot of moving parts, it can be done in less than an hour.
Even if yours is a complicated case for example, if youre self-employed you should have a response within three business days.
If it is taking longer then that should raise some red flags. Will they be able to prioritize your loan for your contractual obligations? Some places get so understaffed because they have been offering such a great deal on mortgages, he says.
You can help the pre-approval process go quickly by having your documents prepared and being responsive to any questions from your lender.
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