The Benefits Of Cosigning A Loan
Clearly, cosigning a loan is most beneficial for the individual for whom you agree to cosign. It can be a great way, for example, to help your child build credit. When a young adult is just starting out, it can be hard to get a loan or credit card with a decent interest rate because they lack the credit history that lenders use to determine if a prospective borrower is reliable. Cosigning for your child allows them to start building the credit history they need while reassuring the lender that theyll get repaid.
Your Credit Is On The Line
When you co-sign a loan, both the loan and payment history show up on your credit reports as well as the borrowers.
In the short term, youll see a temporary hit to your credit score, says Bruce McClary, spokesperson for the National Foundation for Credit Counseling. The lenders hard pull on your credit before approving the loan will ding your score, he says, and so could the increase in your overall debt load.
Most important, though: Any missed payment by the borrower will negatively affect your credit score. Since payment history has the biggest influence on credit scores, a misstep here can wreck your credit.
Should You Get A Mortgage Co
Nobodys perfect, and sometimes we need a little help accomplishing our financial or lifestyle goals. For those with higher debt levels, sometimes its easier to get approved for a mortgage with a co-signer.
Whether youre looking for someone to co-sign a mortgage or youre being asked to be the co-signer, this article will go over what you need to know.
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Should You Say Yes To Being A Cosigner
Whether youre about to be a cosigner or youre asking someone to cosign your mortgage, its important to assess the situation and think things over before signing any contracts. Similar to buying a home, cosigning a mortgage is a major financial responsibility, only without the benefits of being the propertys true owner.
Remember, as co-signer, youre also a partial borrower and if the primary buyer cant make payments or defaults, whatever debt and financial consequences that follow will become yours to deal with. Thats why many cosigned mortgages come from financially established parents who are helping their child purchase a home.
How A Cosigner Helped Her Daughter
As one of our top producers with over eight years in the industry, Kristen Livingston has worked with several mortgage situations where a cosigner was involved. Recently, she worked with two borrowers who brought on a mom to cosign their mortgage.
I had a recent closing where a mom was helping a daughter and her boyfriend purchase their first home. One had recently graduated, and the other one was still in school. The mom recognized that homes were quickly appreciating in the area and instead of assisting with rentnot to mention in an area where rent was risingit was a good decision for them to buy and invest rather than rent. With the addition of the moms income and funds for the down payment, the loan was a slam dunk.
There are several ways to structure a loan, so it is important that you work with a lender that understands the loan guidelines. There may be additional solutions other than cosigning such as gift funds. There is also a special consideration when children are providing housing for their parents. You will want to make sure you are working with a loan officer that can analyze your scenario from all angles to make sure you are getting the best loan.
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Have The Borrower Apply For A Bad Credit Loan
Lenders offer home loans for bad credit. While the rates and terms may not be as favorable as a conventional loan with a cosigner, the borrower has a better chance at qualifying with their current credit and income.
Before applying, the borrower can increase their approval odds with these credit practices:
- Have a credit score of at least 580
- Save for a larger down payment
- Maintain a debt-to-income ratio below 36%
- Avoid hard credit inquiries
First-time homebuyer programs can also provide down payment assistance and also minimize closing costs. State and local governments are more likely to offer these aid initiatives.
You can use Credible to compare options from several lenders. It can only take a few minutes to get a streamlined pre-approval letter and find great rates for any credit score.
Ready to get pre-approved?
- Instant streamlined pre-approval: It only takes 3 minutes to see if you qualify for an instant streamlined pre-approval letter, without affecting your credit.
The Pros And Cons Of Cosigning Loans
You might want to help a loved one obtain a loan by cosigning. Learn more about the pros and cons of cosigning loans so you can be sure you know what youre getting into as a cosigner.
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When a friend or relative asks you to cosign a loan, your first instinct may be to agree and help them out of a tight financial spot. Thats understandable: When done responsibly, cosigning can be an invaluable tool for helping a loved one with poor or limited credit history gain access to the housing or credit they need. However, before you pick up that pen and sign on the dotted line, be sure you know how attaching your name to someone elses debt may potentially impact your own finances.
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The Pros And Cons Of Co
If you keep up on the news you know that qualifying for a mortgage is getting tougher and tougher. Someone who would have sailed through the application process 10 years ago could find themselves declined for a mortgage today.
Often I find applicants can afford the monthly payments but they cant prove that their income is stable. If they waited another 6 months to a year, they could but they would miss out on a great opportunity to buy a home now. Buyers who have recently switched jobs, receive overtime or get a portion of their income from tips are the people who need co-signers to make the deal work. A strong co-signer can be more persuasive to a lender than offering to put more money down.
I also have found that people with thin credit are being asked for co-signers. These are applicants who have one credit card but no car loans or other credit facilities showing on their credit bureau report. Often they are recent university graduates who recently started to work.
Your Rights And Responsibilities If You Cosign A Mortgage Loan
Being a cosigner on a home loan, or any loan, is a status that carries with it no rights at all. While you’ll share liability for the cosigned mortgage with the borrower, you most likely won’t get an ownership interest in the property. So, you get the risk of having to repay the loan without any benefit of living in the home or owning a part of it.
As far as responsibilities, you’re 100% responsible for the complete repayment of the loan. Before you cosign, you need to make sure you’re comfortable covering the mortgage payments if the primary borrower can’t.
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What Are The Similarities Between A Co
Co-signers and co-borrowers both assume legal connection and responsibility for repaying a loan.
Including a co-signer or co-borrower might also positively impact loan application decisions. A second person with strong credit and reliable income whos financially liable for the loan reduces the lenders risk of being left unpaid.
Both co-signers and co-borrowers are still on the hook to pay the loan back if the primary applicant doesnt.
Whether theres a co-borrowing or co-signing arrangement, a relationship can be strained when finances are concerned if one or both people dont uphold their ends of the agreement.
Getting A Mortgage With A Co
We will finish this guide to mortgages and co-signers in Canada with a brief guide to applying for and maintaining your mortgage. Your mortgage co-signer will have to provide the lender with the same documentation of income and credit history that you do as the primary loan applicant. This includes the previous few years worth of T1 tax returns, the co-signers most recent pay stub, a letter of employment and so on. These documents are all used to verify the co-signers income and prove his or her creditworthiness. A credit check will also be performed, and the co-signer will have to be present at closing to sign the loan documents.
After the loan has closed, a co-signer can be taken off the mortgage and freed from all responsibility for the loan when the loan is refinanced. At that point, the lender that does the refinancing must check the primary borrowers credit to verify that said person is able to afford the mortgage on his or her own. If it is determined that the primary borrower can handle the mortgage payments without a co-signer, then the co-signers name can be removed from the loan. If, on the other hand, the primary borrower is still too great of a risk for the lender, the co-signer cannot be taken off the loan.
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How Is It Different From Having A Guarantor
The terms co-signer and guarantor are often used interchangeably. While both are similar, there are some key differences to be aware of.
The co-signers name must appear on the title, while the guarantors does not. Because the co-signers name has to appear on the title, the co-signer may have to pay a portion of the land transfer taxes, and you may lose part of the first-time home buyer rebate if youre buying a home for the first time.
In addition to that the co-signer owns a part of the property. Thats not the case with a guarantor, who owns no part of the property.
Co-signers tend to be used for those with poor credit, while guarantors tend to be used for those with decent credit looking to bump up their maximum purchase price.
Why Would You Need A Co
Perhaps the most common reason you might need a co-signer is to help boost your home purchasing power.
The mortgage stress test had made it tougher to qualify for mortgage financing. You have to prove that you can afford mortgage payments at the greater of 2 percent higher than your mortgage rate or the mortgage stress test rate, whichever is greater.
When someone, a parent, or sibling, co-signs for you, you can use their income for mortgage qualification purposes. If your parents are still working, earn a decent income, and have little to no debt, they can be an excellent candidate for co-signing.
Co-signing also makes sense when you have poor credit or a lack of credit. In that instance, a lender may require you have to a co-signing before they approve the mortgage. This provides the lender with some reassurance the co-signer will pay the mortgage should you run into difficulty paying it.
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How To Mitigate Your Risk If You Decide To Cosign
If you do decide to cosign someone’s home mortgage loan, make sure you fully trust the primary borrower. You’ll want to keep the lines of communication open between you and the borrower so you can discuss financial difficulties before they become a problem. Ask the primary borrower for access to the loan account and regularly keep track of the payments, making sure they’re paid on time. It’s also a good idea to prepare a written agreement between you and the borrower upfront so that you both understand what’s expected and what will happen if the primary borrower doesn’t pay.
Also, you might want to consider alternatives to cosigning, like giving money as a gift , lending it directly to your loved one , or purchasing the home yourself and then renting it to your family member or friend.
Your Credit Score And Credit History
Adding a cosigner to your mortgage wont help your situation if you have poor credit. While a cosigner helps in several categories, including credit, it does not erase bad credit.
The minimum credit score for a conventional mortgage is 620. For an FHA mortgage its 580, though you can go below 580 with a down payment of 10% or more. If the primary borrowers credit score is lower than these minimums, a cosigner wont help. The same is true if the primary borrower has a recent bankruptcy or foreclosure.
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What Is The Difference Between A Guarantor And A Co
With the cost of properties soaring in certain markets, a greater number of family members are stepping in to help their own get their mortgage. One way theyre doing this is by becoming either a guarantor or co-signor.
Its a common misconception that both are one and the same, but there are very distinct and important differences. While guarantors and co-signors are commonly used to help otherwise ineligible borrowers qualify for a mortgage, thats where most similarities end.
Where To Get A Home Loan With A Co
Scherer says a non-occupying co-borrower loan is very common.
Its offered for conventional loans by both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, notes Scherer. And some other loan programs offer them, too, like an FHA loan. But certain restrictions apply.
Ailion points out that virtually all lenders will permit occupying co-borrowers on a loan. And he says co-borrower mortgages are offered via portfolio loans from banks and credit unions, as well.
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What You Need To Know Before Cosigning A Mortgage Loan
A mortgage cosigner takes on the responsibility of ensuring a mortgage loan is paid. Some borrowers need help from a more financially secure cosigner in order to qualify for a mortgage, and those who help out should understand exactly what they’re getting into.
A cosigner can be anyone who promises to take on the responsibilities of paying the loan if the other signers default. When mortgage qualifications are analyzed, the lowest credit score from all the applicants may be used. For that reason, a cosigner isn’t usually valuable for their credit. Much of the reason for having a cosigner is because the borrower doesn’t have enough income, or has a debt-to-income ratio thats too high to qualify for a mortgage on their own.
Mortgage cosigners may be parents who want to see their adult children living comfortably in a house. In some cases, they’re occupant co-signers who will also live in the house.
Cosigners are slightly different from co-borrowers because they don’t have an ownership interest in the property. Not all lenders allow co-signers.
Facts About Using A Co
31 May 2016
By on 23 Mar 2018
The dollars and cents that go into moving vary greatly depending on a number of factors.
If youre thinking about buying a home with a co-signer, be sure you know what that means for both you and them.
Do you need a co-signer to buy a home? To help you decide, lets review the reasons you might use a co-signer, the types of co-signers, and the various requirements lenders have for allowing co-signers.
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What Does It Mean To Cosign A Mortgage
Generally speaking, a prospective home buyer will get somebody to cosign their mortgage because their own income and credit wont allow them to qualify by themselves. In fact, if youre financially stable and have good credit, its possible that one of your friends or family members will ask you to cosign their mortgage someday.
By cosigning a mortgage, youre agreeing to cover the buyers loan if they default or are unable to afford their payments. You wouldnt see any of the typical benefits of the mortgage but you would be a co-borrower until the primary buyer pays off their loan or has your name removed from the contract when theyre financially stable enough.
This essentially gives the lender a guarantee that the loan payments will be made, whether or not the primary borrower is the one making them. As such, the buyer usually has an easier time qualifying for a decent loan, interest rate and payment plan.
Alternative Loan Options For Low Credit Or Low Income
Adam Spigelman is vice president at Planet Home Lending. He says that if you decide against using a co-borrower, there are other options that may allow you to count roommate or partner income toward your mortgage.
One option is Fannie Maes HomeReady program, says Spigelman. This is a low down payment mortgage that lets you use boarder income for up to 30% of the income you need to qualify for the home loan.
- Fannie Mae HomeReady loan
- As little as 3% down
- Include a roommates income to qualify
- Cover up to 100% of the down payment with gift funds
This could be a good solution for a couple with one partner who has credit issues and cannot qualify for a mortgage.
It would also appeal to a recent graduate with student debt who doesnt want to share ownership of the home but needs extra income to qualify, suggests Spigelman.
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Your Ultimate Goal Should Be To Get The Co
Be prepared for questions from a co-borrower candidate you ask.
Anyone looking to help you out will want to know your exit strategy and the plan to remove them from future liability, says Scherer.
Youll also want to talk about what happens when its time to sell the home.
If its a non-occupant co-borrower, how much equity should this person pocket, for example?
This is especially important if youre buying an investment property with a co-borrower as a joint venture. Youll want to solidify details about profit-sharing before anyone puts their name down on the loan.