Fulfilling The Necessary Licensing Requirements
What Is A Good Mortgage Loan Originator Surety Bond
Third-party companies that originate or close mortgage loans within the United States are often required to have a surety bond in place for each state they do business in. The cost of this type of insurance coverage depends on what state you are doing business in as well as any associated fees and factors involved with finding an appropriate underwriting partner. In general, most companies will find it necessary to go through at least two agents before finding one who can provide affordable rates without charging too many fees along the way.
When you are in the for a mortgage loan originator surety bond, it is wise to not only comparison shop but also asks about any specialty policies that may be available. In this industry, there are many different types of insurances available from specialized risk management services which can add benefits when used with other policies such as bonds.
When shopping around for an insurance company, make sure you know what type of policy fits your needs best to ensure that it will provide adequate protection throughout its duration. For example, some companies offer a ‘blanket’ coverage plan that offers single rate pricing and eliminates the need for additional underwriting reviews along the way. Others may issue a pro-rated fee schedule which might save money upfront but increase the cost of coverage over time.
How Long Does It Take To Become A Mortgage Loan Officer
The time it takes to become a loan officer depends on what kind of schedule works best for you and how quickly you can work through the licensing requirements. Typically, it takes 45 days to complete the necessary requirements to become a licensed mortgage loan officer. However, since each state has unique requirements, this may vary and be contingent on your ability to pass required examinations and background checks.
Read Also: What Fico Score Does Mortgage Use
Mlo Education & Testing
Individuals seeking to obtain or maintain their MLO license must complete the relevant testing and education requirements. Testing and education provider information, as well as guides on completing testing and education, can be found on the NMLS Resource Center under Professional Standards at .
Pre-Licensure Education & Testing
20 hours of pre-licensure education is required in order to be eligible for a Georgia MLO license. Georgia does not have any state specific requirements for pre-licensure education.
A passing score of 75 or higher on the SAFE Mortgage Loan Originator Test – National Component with Uniform State Content is also required in order to be eligible for a Georgia MLO license.
To renew your Georgia MLO license, eight hours of continuing education is required by October 31, unless you completed your pre-licensure education course requirements in the same year in which your initial MLO license was approved and is being renewed. One hour of Georgia specific education is required for CE.
Complete Your Virginia Pre
Before you can get your Virginia mortgage license, you need to take required pre-license courses. These help you learn mortgage laws and procedures. Each state has different mortgage education requirements for doing business. If you work for a non-bank institution , you must get licensed in each state that you want to do business in. The SAFE Act requires that you take 20 hours of pre-license education at a minimum. Some states have additional mortgage licensing requirements. Visit the NMLS website for a complete list of state requirements.
Virginia does NOT require state-specific education. This means that you only need to take the standard 20-hour licensing course. You can sign up for this class right now!
Also Check: How To Budget For Mortgage
Mortgage Loan Activity Reporting Requirement
All licensees must report to the Department of Real Estate if they make, arrange, or service loans secured by residential property, consisting of one to four units. The report must be made within 30 days of commencing residential loan activities and must be completed on the Department of Real Estate Web site using Form RE 866 – Mortgage Loan Activity Notification.
Licensees who have filed the RE 866, but who no longer perform loan origination for residential mortgage loans, should either “cancel” the report or “amend” the report if they are still servicing, funding, buying/selling notes, etc. related to residential mortgage loans.
The RE 866 notification must accurately reflect the mortgage-related activities being performed.
Penalty fees can apply for failure to submit this required notification. Penalties are fifty dollars per day for the first 30 days the report is not filed and one hundred dollars per day for every day thereafter not to exceed a maximum of $10,000.
How Much Does A Mortgage Originator Surety Bond Cost
When you are required to obtain an MLO license, it is often necessary to obtain bonding coverage. A surety bond essentially guarantees the payment of obligations made by your company or individual employees. For example, if a lender chooses not to pay a borrower for any reason, the surety will make up the difference out of its own funds.
Since a mortgage broker or loan officer can be held liable financially for all activities during the property purchase process, business owners realize the importance of protecting their businesses with adequate insurance products such as a mortgage loan originator bond.
Companies that engage in residential lending as part of their services need to take steps to ensure that they meet compliance standards as an affirmative action obligation as well as federal and state licensing standards. Any organization that hires a third-party company to assist with the real estate loan application process, such as an independent escrow agent, also must ensure that all of their business practices meet the standards set by law.
Mortgage Loan Originator Qualifying Education
Prior to applying for a MLO license, the applicant must first complete 20 hours of NMLS approved licensing education comprised of the following,
- 3 hours of Federal law
- 3 hours of Ethics
- 2 hours of non-traditional mortgage lending
- 2 hours of Colorado state-specific defined electives and
- 10 hours of general electives.
Once you complete the licensing education, you must pass the National SAFE MLO examination with uniform state content.
1560 Broadway, Suite 925 Denver, CO 80202
303-894-2166 | Toll Free: 800-886-7675
After You Get Licensure
Once you receive your license, you can begin work as a home loan originator. Some MLOs work independently, but newbies often prefer to begin with an established business that has an existing client base, such as a bank, mortgage lending institution, or credit union.
With all the bureaucracy involved in the licensure process, it is important to keep your focus on the goal you had in mind when you first started looking into how to become a loan officer helping people move into their dream homes.
Buying property can be a complicated and stressful process for your average person, but a qualified and supportive MLO can make the experience easier, allowing homebuyers to enjoy their investment with the knowledge they have secured the best home loan possible.
The work doesn’t end here, though. It is important that MLOs keep up with professional development to keep their license and stay current with mortgage lending practices.
Don’t Miss: How Are 30 Year Mortgage Rates Determined
Fingerprint / Criminal Background Check Requirement
The SAFE Act requires that each MLO Individual license endorsement applicant submit a set of fingerprints through NMLS. Fingerprints submitted to obtain a CA real estate license are not acceptable. A new set of fingerprints must be submitted through NMLS in order to obtain a MLO license endorsement based on the provisions of the SAFE Act and SB 36.
Important Reminder – The SAFE Act prohibits the licensing of a MLO under any of the following conditions:
- The applicant has ever been convicted of a felony involving an act of fraud, dishonesty, breach of trust, or money laundering, or convicted of any felony in the seven year period before filing an application for an endorsement.
- An applicant has ever had a loan originator license revoked in any governmental jurisdiction
- An applicant has not demonstrated such financial responsibility, character, and general fitness so as to command the confidence of the community and warrant a determination that the mortgage loan originator will operate honestly, fairly, and efficiently.
How Do I Become A Mortgage Loan Officer
To become a licensed loan officer, you’ll need to be registered with the National Mortgage Licensing System and Registry , complete 20 hours of pre-licensure education courses, and pass the NMLS mortgage license exam, amongst other requirements determined by your state.
Once youve fulfilled the requirements for licensure, expertise is often established on the job. Joining an independent mortgage broker shop is a great way to set yourself up for success. If youre new to the industry, you may also look to be hired as a loan officer assistant, or LOA, to learn origination processes and earn valuable experience before actually completing your license requirements.
Don’t Miss: What Is Reverse Mortgage Meaning
Nationwide Multistate Licensing System
NMLS, developed through the Conference of State Bank Supervisors and the American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators , will allow companies to conveniently manage their mortgage license in an electronic format through a secure website.
Application and maintenance of an MLO license are managed through the Nationwide Multistate Licensing System .
Application and maintenance of a CRMLA license are managed through the Nationwide Multistate Licensing System .
For Companies Engaged in Residential Lending or Brokering: Application and maintenance of a CFL license for companies engaged in residential lending or brokering are managed through the Nationwide Multistate Licensing System .
Please visit NMLS for additional information and licensing requirements specific to the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation.
For Companies Engaged in Non-Residential Lending or Brokering: Application and maintenance of a CFL license for companies engaging in lending or brokering that are secured by other than residential real property are managed directly by the Department. Please visit the main CFL web page for details.
How To Obtain A Mortgage Broker License And Eligible To Open Own Brokerage Office
Every state has its own individual requirements to become a mortgage broker office. Many states require the owner and/or principal of the mortgage broker to be licensed and a certain amount of years originating loans. Experience requirements may be as little as one year or as many as three years. Professional experience as a producing loan originator, sales manager, branch manager, area manager, or qualified individual is required. Many regulators will want to see that you have been active in a mortgage company and request W-2s and/or income tax returns.
Most states will require the principal of the mortgage broker is licensed. To become licensed as a mortgage loan originator, you need to take a one-time 20-hour NMLS course from an NMLS approved course provider. You need to pass the 125 questions NMLS federal exam with a 75%. You need to be licensed in the state you are applying for a mortgage broker license as an individual NMLS loan originator. If you fail the 125 questions NMLS federal MLO exam, you need to wait 30 days before retaking it. If you fail three times, you need to wait 180 days or six months before you can retake it the fourth time.
Read Also: What Is Los In Mortgage
How Do You Choose A Mortgage Loan Originator
MLOs help you navigate the mortgage process, so youll want to work with someone who is knowledgeable of the industry and knows the ins and outs of your specific states laws.
A mortgage can be a big financial commitment, too, one that also involves you sharing personal information, including Social Security numbers, bank statements and tax documents. Its important to choose an MLO you can trust.
Choosing an MLO who is knowledgeable, helpful and trustworthy may require you to do some research. Youll want to assessyour loan officer or broker and their company. First, make sure they have an up-to-date MLO license.
Then, look through their website, social media pages and third-party review sites to learn more about the companys mission and what their past and current clients have to say. Ask friends and family for referrals. Talk to potential MLOs on the phone or visit them in person. Its OK to shop around until you find the right lender, loan officer or broker for you.
How To Obtain A Mortgage Broker License: Getting Your Individual Nmls Mlo License
You do not have to be hired and/or sponsored by a mortgage company for you to be able to get your individual NMLS Mortgage Loan Originator license. However, there are certain states like Georgia and/or California that you need to be sponsored during your license application and approval process. Other states allow individuals to apply for their NMLS individual license once they have passed the national NMLS Federal MLO examination. The federal NMLS MLO national examination is a three-hour 125 questions national exam. You need a 75% passing grade for you to pass the national NMLS MLO Federal examination.
Don’t Miss: How To Estimate Your Mortgage Payment
Mlo License Endorsement Renewal Requirements
MLO license endorsements are issued annually and expire December 31st of each year. The NMLS renewal period begins November 1st and ends December 31st of each year. MLO license endorsements issued prior to November 1st are required to be renewed through NMLS in order to be valid the following year. If a renewal request is not submitted through NMLS, the MLO license endorsement will expire on December 31st. MLO license endorsements issued on or after November 1st will not be required to be renewed and will expire at the end of the following year.
Review Your License Records Prior to Requesting a MLO License Endorsement Renewal Review your Department of Real Estate real estate license information to make sure that the underlying DRE license is in a âLicensedâ or âLicensed NBAâ status. If a real estate license is in an expired, revoked, suspended, or surrendered status the MLO renewal request will not be approved.
Log into your NMLS record to ensure you know your User Name and Password that your MLO license endorsement is in a renewable status . Check for any license items on your MLO record. Any unresolved license items will delay and may prevent the approval of your renewal request.
Branch License Endorsement Renewal Requirements – Corporation and Sole Proprietor Branch renewals should be submitted after the Company license endorsement renewal has been submitted.
Additional information regarding the MLO renewal process can be found on the NMLS Web site.
Safe Mortgage Licensing Act
The Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Lending Act requires national registration of all Residential Mortgage Loan Originators in addition to applicable state licenses.
The SAFE Mortgage Licensing Act is designed to enhance consumer protection and reduce fraud by encouraging states to establish minimum standards for the licensing and registration of state-licensed mortgage loan originators and for the Conference of State Bank Supervisors and the American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators to establish and maintain a nationwide mortgage licensing system and registry for the residential mortgage industry.
The SAFE Act sets a minimum standard for licensing and registering mortgage loan originators. Specific state licensing requirements can be found at the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and Registry .
Mortgage loan originators employed by a federally regulated depository or a regulated subsidiary can learn the registration requirements on the NMLS website or from their employer’s federal bank regulator.
Uniform State Test: The OCCC has adopted the NMLS Uniform State Test, effective October 1, 2013. The SAFE Act requires mortgage loan originators to pass the test before they can be licensed through NMLS. The Uniform State Test replaces the previous national and state tests. For more information, please contact the OCCC at 936-7612, or visit the NMLS Resource Center.
Don’t Miss: How Big Of A Mortgage Would I Qualify For
How To Obtain A Mortgage Broker License In Multiple States: The 20
Another requirement to be eligible to apply for your NMLS license is for you to take a one-time 20-hour NMLS course administered by an NMLS Approved Course Provider. There are many NMLS Approved Course providers. These course providers can offer the 20-hour NMLS course at a brick and mortar location or it can be administered as an online course. For more information about enrolling at an approved NMLS course provider, please request and address your questions in the comment section below. Once you have completed the 20-hour NMLS MLO approved course, you can sit for the 125 questions national NMLS MLO federal examination. Once you have passed the 125 questions NMLS MLO federal exam, you are now eligible to apply for each state NMLS license. Every state has different licensing requirements. You need to get the state NMLS license if you want to originate a mortgage in the individual state.