What Is A Mortgage Servicer
Did you know theres a difference between your lender and your servicer? The lender is the company that you borrow the money from typically a bank, credit union, or mortgage company. When you get a mortgage loan, you sign a contract and agree to pay back the lender.
The servicer is the company that handles the daily management of your account. Sometimes, the lender is also the servicer. But often, the lender arranges for another company to act as the servicer. Its important to know your mortgage servicer because its the company that
- processes your mortgage payments
- answers questions about your loan balance and payment history
- pays your insurance and taxes, if you have an escrow account. An escrow account is where you set aside money to pay insurance and taxes. The account is managed by the servicer, who ensures that the lender knows the money is there to pay those bills when theyre due. To find the name of your servicer, check your mortgage statement or your coupon payment book. Its not uncommon for your servicer to change. Within a few weeks of the change, youll get notices from your old servicer and your new one. The notices give you the contact information for the new servicer, the date they start accepting your payments, and what to do if you have a question or complaint.
What Happens If Im More Than 30 Days Late On A Mortgage
A late monthly payment after 15 days will result in a late fee, but a late loan payment after 30 days will result in even more consequenceslike being reported to credit bureaus.
Missing a monthly mortgage payment by more than 30 days can drop your credit score, but the question is: How much can it drop? Well, this depends largely on your overall credit history as well as the scoring system that your particular lender uses. The drops also tend to be higher if you have an excellent credit score and have never missed a payment before.
However, even though you may get a ding on your credit score, the good news is that you most likely wont go into foreclosure after just 30 days delinquency.
Banks will go to great lengths to contact borrowers from the minute they are 15 days late, Sheridan says. Since the short sale/foreclosure boom, I think banks have learned that offering counseling or help lines for clients who are struggling is far preferable to having a client foreclose. Banks are in the business of lending money, not of owning real estate.
Do You Understand Your Mortgage Contract
Like most legal contracts, a mortgage can be very complicated. It is important to know and understand what you are committing to and if its right for you. Before signing a mortgage contract, you need to be sure that you understand all of the terms and conditions. Read all of the information and ask questions if you dont understand something. You may also wish to seek legal advice before signing a mortgage agreement.
In Ontario, mortgage brokerages, brokers and agents are required to disclose to you the material risks of your mortgage in writing and in plain language. You are also entitled to have at least two business days to review a mortgage disclosure statement before you sign a mortgage agreement with a mortgage brokerage, or before you make a payment under a mortgage, whichever is earlier.
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What Is The Standard Mortgage Payment Grace Period
A grace period usually occurs between the end of a billing cycle and the date your fee is due.
The amount of time varies depending on the lender and other factors, but in most circumstances, a lender usually permits a borrower 15 days from the due date. So, if your mortgage payment is typically due on the 1st of the month, youd have until the 16th to pay your missed mortgage payment without incurring a penalty. In some cases, the last day may fall on a weekend payment would then be due the first business day thereafter.
Although the 16th is pretty common, you should check with your lender or servicer to verify the length of your grace period. It may be stated in your loan documentation as well.
What Happens If You Can’t Pay For The Mortgage
Not being able to meet your mortgage payments in full and on time can have serious consequences including penalty fees, default and even foreclosure. It is important to be aware of these consequences before taking on a mortgage.
If you cannot make your mortgage payments:
- You may have to pay late charges
- You will damage your credit rating. Having a poor credit rating will make it difficult for you to obtain loans and make certain purchases in the future
- Your mortgage may go into default and your mortgage lender may sell your home through Power of Sale to cover your debt, or become the owner through foreclosure.
- If through Power of Sale the lender has the right to sell the property to recover the money still owed on the mortgage. Depending on the circumstances, you may never get the home back. If the lender sells the home for a price that is more than what is left on the mortgage, extra money is given back to the homeowner. In the case of a shortfall, the owner will have to pay the difference. Also, it will be harder in the future to find a lender that will offer you another mortgage.
- If through foreclosure the lender gets a court order to take over the property. If this happens, all of the previous mortgage payments you have already made, all the money you have invested into the home and any equity in the home is lost.
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How Much Are Late Fees
Late fees, or penalty charges as theyre often called, are fees your lender may charge if youre late to make a mortgage payment or if your account is in arrears. Youll be in arrears if you owe more than your regular mortgage payment for the current month.
The amount youll have to pay for late fees will depend on your lender’s own rules about how much they charge, but it can be anywhere from 3% to 6% of your monthly payment. Its best to discuss these fees with a specialist broker when taking out your mortgage.
Check If You Have Insurance
If youve lost your job or your income unexpectedly, check if you have mortgage payment protection insurance. You might have taken a policy out when you got your mortgage or later. Your insurance might not be with your lender.
There are lots of circumstances when your payment protection policy won’t pay out. Youll need to check the terms and conditions of your policy carefully to see if youre covered.
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What You Need To Know About Late Mortgage Payments
Editorial Note: The content of this article is based on the authors opinions and recommendations alone. It may not have been reviewed, commissioned or otherwise endorsed by any of our network partners.
Life happens, and sometimes you may fall behind on bills and make a late mortgage payment, whether by accident or by circumstance. So what actually happens when your mortgage payment is late? The answer can vary from person to person based on your financial history, the rules of your specific mortgage and how late your payment is.
Extending Your Amortization Period
The amortization period is the length of time it takes to pay off a mortgage in full. Extending your amortization period lowers your mortgage payments. Keep in mind that the longer you take to pay off your mortgage, the more you pay in interest.
Your mortgage amortization period may only be extended to the maximum amount, usually 25, 30 or 40 years. This maximum amount depends on whether your mortgage is insured or uninsured. It also depends on your financial institution.
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Additional Information About Mortgage Prepayment
Some lenders have agreed to provide more information on prepayments under a code of conduct. Banks that aremembers of the Canadian Bankers Association have agreed to follow this code.
Theyll provide this additional information to help you understand prepayment and the charge that could apply if you choose to do this. This is so you can make informed decisions. They must do this in a manner, and using language, that is clear, simple and not misleading.
Lenders who follow the code have agreed to provide:
- information on:
- transferring your mortgage to another lender
How Does Your Mortgage Grace Period Work
Making on-time mortgage payments is a must if you want to stay on your lenders good side. But many first-time buyers dont realize that you have a certain amount of wiggle room in which to pay. Mortgage contracts often come with a grace period of 10 to 15 days. Understanding how the grace period works can help you plan your payment strategy once you get settled in your new home.Check out our mortgage calculator.
Third Missed Mortgage Payment
Once youre 90 days past due, youll receive a notice of default. The notice informs you of the amount you are delinquent and that you have 30 days to bring your mortgage current.
This is your signal that the lenders formal foreclosure process has begun. In Maryland, for example, where foreclosures go through the court system, the lender will have filed and served you with an order to docket the first court filing in the foreclosure process.
You still have time to try to work out an arrangement with your lender, but its unlikely that it will take less than the total amount of mortgage payments you owe.
If you cant make up the payments by the deadline and are unsuccessful in reaching an agreement with the lender, its game over: The lender will begin the foreclosure process and bring legal action against you.
How Long Is A Grace Period
The amount of time in the grace period varies, but it usually is 15 days, or 2 weeks. To be clear, you should always pay your mortgage on time if youre able to, and a grace period does not absolve you of having to make the payment. It merely gives you a little more time to get it paid before late fees and other negative consequences set in. Its also a great feature to have if you accidentally forget to make a payment but catch the mistake before the grace period has expired.
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Will You Be Able To Afford The Mortgage
Before shopping for a mortgage, take a close look at your situation your finances, future plans and lifestyle and consider how much debt you can comfortably handle.
Consider not just how much money you have today, but your financial position for the length of the mortgage. Ask yourself if you will be able to continue to make the full payments on time. Even if you can, consider how the payments will affect your spending money and your ability to deal with sudden or unexpected financial needs. Will you have difficulties making sure you have enough left for other things you need?
When deciding how much money you can afford to borrow, consider:
- Your current financial situation
- Your future financial situation
- How long you plan to own a home, have a mortgage or sell and buy a different home
- Any extra expenses you plan to incur
- The economic climate
- The total cost of owning a home
- How much your home may increase or decrease in value over time
- The potential for higher mortgage payments
- The risks of a drop in your income
- Your personal tolerance for debt and risk
Does Missing One Payment Affect Your Credit Score
Paying on time is one of the biggest factors that affect your credit rating, so missing a payment can affect your score. Payments over 30 days late will mark your credit file for six years, and will be visible to lenders during that time. Like all credit issues, they lose impact the older they get. Having a reasonable explanation for missing the payment can also help when it comes to applying for a loan, credit card or mortgage. Read more in our Guide: What Credit Score Do I Need to Get a Mortgage?
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Whats Considered A Late Mortgage Payment
The date of each monthly mortgage payment is set by your mortgage lender when you first take out your mortgage. Its usually the first day of the month, but can vary depending on your agreement.
A mortgage payment is considered late if its after this set date, but most lenders give customers a grace period to pay the mortgage before late fees are applied. A mortgage payment is officially late when charges or fees are added to your mortgage payment by your lender.
Missing Mortgage Payments: Default And Foreclosure
Usually, if you miss one or more payments on your mortgage loan, your loan is considered to be in default, but you might have special rights during the during the COVID-19 pandemic. To learn more, read these resources from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: Mortgage forbearance during COVID-19: What to know and what to do and CARES Act Mortgage Forbearance: What You Need to Know.
In other circumstances, the servicer might order default-related services to protect the value of the property like inspections, lawn moving, landscaping, and repairs. The servicer will charge your loan account for these services, which can add up to hundreds or thousands of dollars.
If the lender decides to move ahead with foreclosure, that process can also add hundreds or thousands of dollars in additional costs to your loan. That can make it even more difficult for you to keep up with payments, make your back payments, and keep your home.
If youre facing foreclosure, stay in touch with your servicer and try to work out a plan to pay the back payments you owe, modify your loan, enter into a repayment plan, or get a temporary reduction or suspension of payments. If your loan was in default when your new servicer took over, they might be considered a debt collector and you may have additional rights.
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When Is Your Mortgage Payment Due
Generally, your lender expects you to make a payment on the first day of the month, unless youve opted for biweekly payments or youve agreed to split your payments up on the 1st and the 15th. This is true regardless of whether youve got a conventional loan, FHA loan, USDA loan or VA loan.
The grace period, however, gives you until the 10th or the 15th to make a payment before youre considered late. That doesnt mean you have a free pass to pay after the 1st but it gives you some flexibility if your due date falls on a holiday or youre waiting to get paid. Your individual lender would have to tell you exactly how long your grace period is.
Forbearance Ends With A Payment Plan Not A Lump
Homeowners who receive COVID hardship forbearance are not required to repay their paused payments in a lump sum once the forbearance period ends. You can talk with your mortgage servicer, or start with a HUD-approved housing counseling agency, to discuss a repayment plan that works for your situation.
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How Can Your Lender Help When Youre Having A Problem
There are several things your lender can do to assist you through financial trouble. You may have options because lenders generally dont want you to lose your home. Foreclosures are expensive and time-consuming for lenders. Many lenders will view foreclosure as a last resort if you sincerely attempt to work out another solution. The following are some possible alternatives:
How Can I Improve My Chances Of Getting A Mortgage With Late Payments
Applying for a mortgage can be challenging and stressful. Theres always the worry that you might not get accepted, especially if you have late payments on your credit file. Finding out where you stand and making some simple changes is a good place to start.
Check your credit reportYou can easily get a copy of your credit report from companies known as credit reference agencies. The three main ones are Equifax, Experian and TransUnion. However, they differ in what they show you. So for a detailed and thorough overview of everything in your credit record, go to checkmyfile*. Checkmyfile shows you the information from all three credit checkers on the same report. And you can download your report for free with a 30 day trial. Look at your report in detail to see if everything looks correct. Sometimes mistakes are made, so get in touch with your if something doesn’t look right. Also make sure things like your name, address, date of birth, and other personal information are up to date. It’ll affect your score if they aren’t.
Get on the electoral rollRegistering to vote at your current address makes it easier for lenders to prove your identity. Double check youre registered with the correct information and this will work in your favour. Check if you’re on the electoral roll here
Make sure your name is on the billsIf youre paying any household bills but your name isnt on the account, it wont be counting towards your credit score. Don’t let your good work go unnoticed!
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