Wednesday, July 17, 2024

How Do You Mortgage A House

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Get Preapproved For A Loan

How to refinance your mortgage

Once you find lenders youre interested in, its a good idea to get preapproved for a mortgage. With a preapproval, a lender has determined that youre creditworthy based on your financial picture, and has issued a preapproval letter indicating its willing to lend you a particular amount for a mortgage.

Getting preapproved before shopping for a home is best because it means you can place an offer as soon as you find the right home, Griffin says. Many sellers wont entertain offers from someone who hasnt already secured a preapproval. Getting preapproved is also important because youll know exactly how much money youre approved to borrow.

Keep in mind: Preapproval is different from prequalification. Mortgage preapproval involves much more documentation and will get you a more serious loan offer. Prequalification is less formal and is essentially a way for banks to tell you that youd be a good applicant, but it doesnt guarantee any particular loan terms.

Search Online Public Records

Many counties and cities maintain a searchable online database of public home ownership information. San Francisco, for example, lets members of the public search property information by typing the property address into the search bar or by highlighting the subject property on the city map. If you’re using this search tool, scroll down the results page and click on the link to Recorded Documents. This will pull up a list of all the recorded transfers, mortgages and trust deeds relating to the subject property. Click on the most recent mortgage to discover the name of the note holder.

What Is A Minimum Down Payment

A down payment is the amount of money you put towards the purchase of a home. Your lender deducts the down payment from the purchase price of your home. Your mortgage covers the rest of the price of the home.

The minimum amount you need for your down payment depends on the purchase price of the home.

If your down payment is less than 20% of the price of your home, you must purchase mortgage loan insurance.

Table 1: The minimum down payment based on the purchase price of your home

Purchase price of your home Minimum amount of down payment
$500,000 or less
  • 5% of the purchase price
$500,000 to $999,999
  • 5% of the first $500,000 of the purchase price
  • 10% for the portion of the purchase price above $500,000
$1 million or more
  • 20% of the purchase price

If youre self-employed or have a poor credit history, your lender may require a larger down payment.

Normally, the minimum down payment must come from your own funds. Its better to save for a down payment and minimize your debts.

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A Standalone Construction Loan Is Another Alternative

Instead of a construction-to-permanent loan, we opted for a standalone construction loan when building our home.

This meant we took out a construction loan to fund the cost of the build. Then when the house was finished, we had to get an entirely separate mortgage to repay the construction loan. The new mortgage we obtained at the close of the building process became our permanent mortgage and we were able to shop around for it at the time.

Although we put down a 20% down payment on our construction loan, one of the benefits of this type of financing, compared with a construction-to-permanent loan, is that you can qualify with a small down payment. This is important if you have an existing home you’re living in that you need to sell to generate the money for the down payment.

The loan is also an interest-only loan during construction, just as a construction-to-permanent loan is.

However, the big difference is that the entire construction mortgage balance is due in a balloon payment at the close of construction. And this can pose problems because you risk not being able to repay what you owe if you can’t qualify for a permanent mortgage because the house is not valued as high as expected.

We also had to pay two sets of closing costs and fees and go through two closing processes. This was a major hassle and expense, which needs to be taken into consideration when deciding which option is best.

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A lower rates of interest will help you save money on your regular monthly payment and allow you to pay less interest over the life of the loan. A larger deposit usually suggests smaller regular monthly payments. Since the balance of your loan is less, your monthly payments are smaller sized. Let’s state you desire to purchase a $300,000 house with a deposit of 10% on a 30-year home mortgage.

Without considering interest, taxes or insurance coverage, your monthly payment in this example would be about $750. Now, let’s state that you put down 20% rather. This would decrease the principal amount on your loan to $240,000. On a 30-year mortgage, your regular monthly payment would have to do with $667 .

That might not look like much, however it’s likewise not the full photo. A 20% down payment might save you hundreds of dollars a month on home mortgage insurance, and it might likewise suggest a better interest rate. To take a look at how a deposit affects your monthly mortgage payment, try a home loan calculator.

A down payment is the cash you’ll put down throughout your mortgage closing, which is the last step you’ll take when buying a house. Throughout the closing, you’ll also sign your home loan documents and officially gain ownership of the residential or commercial property. Lenders frequently express your down payment as a portion. For example, a 20% deposit on a $200,000 home mortgage loan indicates you’ll pay $40,000 when you close on your loan.

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Mortgage Life Critical Illness Disability Or Job Loss Insurance

Unexpected health or employment changes can affect your income and your ability to afford your home. So, consider applying for insurance when you set up your mortgage. There are several options that can help protect you and your family’s financial future if youre diagnosed with a critical illness, pass away, lose your job or become unable to work due to a disability.

Improve Your Credit Score

That brings us to the next step. Unless your credit is in perfect shape , youll want to spend some time getting it cleaned up.

Your credit reports dont contain your credit scores. Fortunately, its fairly easy to get your credit score for free. For example, many major credit card issuers provide your FICO score for free. Other websites allow you to see your VantageScore, though you should note this scoring model is used much less often than FICO by lenders and may differ from your FICO score by quite a few points.

When it comes to the credit score needed for a mortgage, most conventional lenders consider 620 to 640 to be the minimum. Some government-backed loans will allow you to borrow with a credit score as low as 500, provided you meet certain other criteria. However, the higher your score, the more affordable your loan will likely be.

One of the best ways to improve your credit score is to make all your debt payments on time and in full. Payment historythe most heavily weighted factoraccounts for 35% of your credit score. The amount of debt you owe in relation to the total amount of credit extended to you contributes to another 30% of your score, so its best to keep your debt as low as possible.

Finally, avoid making any major purchases on credit or open new lines of credit for a few months before you plan to apply for a mortgage, as this can negatively affect the average length of your credit history and the number of hard inquiries.

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When Do Consumers Choose An Arm

Adjustable-rate mortgages , on the other hand, have interest rates that change depending on market conditions. ARMs usually start with a low introductory rate or teaser period, after which the rate changes annually for the remaining term.

ARMs come in 30-year terms that can be taken as a straight adjustable-rate mortgage with rates that change annually right after the first year. However, borrowers usually take them as a hybrid ARM, which come in 3/1, 5/1, 7/1, and 10/1 terms. For example, if you get a 5/1 ARM, your rate remains fixed for the first 5 years of the loan. After the 5-year introductory period, your rate adjusts every year for the rest of the payment term.

When does taking an ARM make sense? ARMs are usually chosen by consumers who plan to sell their house in a few years or refinance their loan. If you need to move every couple of years because of your career, this type of loan might work for you. ARMs usually have a low introductory rate which allows you to make affordable monthly payments, at least during the teaser period. Before this period ends, you can sell your home, allowing you to avoid higher monthly payments once market rates start to increase.

Disadvantages Of A Mortgage

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  • Your risk losing your home. Because your house is collateral for the mortgage, the lender has the right to take your home if you stop making payments. If the lender takes your home in a foreclosure, youll also lose any money already paid up to that point.
  • Your homes value could drop. Any property you purchase can lose value over time. If the real estate market drops and your home loses value, you could end up with a mortgage balance greater than the value of your house. This is called being underwater, and it can put you in a situation where you have to pay down the loan balance to sell your home since the loan balance is higher than your home is worth.

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Know What You Can Afford

Its fun to fantasize about a dream home with every imaginable bell and whistle, but you should really only purchase what you can reasonably afford.

Most analysts believe you should not spend more than 30 percent of your gross monthly income on home-related costs, says Katsiaryna Bardos, associate professor of finance at Fairfield University in Fairfield, Connecticut.

Bardos says one way to determine how much you can afford is to calculate your debt-to-income ratio . This is determined by summing up all of your monthly debt payments and dividing that by your gross monthly income.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans accept a maximum DTI ratio of 45 percent. If your ratio is higher than that, you might want to wait to buy a house until you reduce your debt, Bardos suggests.

Andrea Woroch, a Bakersfield, California-based finance expert, says its essential to take into account all your monthly expenses including food, healthcare and medical costs, childcare, transportation, vacation and entertainment expenses and other savings goals.

The last thing you want to do is get locked into a mortgage payment that limits your lifestyle flexibility and keeps you from accomplishing your goals, Woroch says.

You can determine what you can afford by using Bankrates calculator, which factors in your income, monthly obligations, estimated down payment, the details of your mortgage like the interest rate, and homeowners insurance and property taxes.

How A Mortgage Works

Every month you make a mortgage payment, it gets split into at least four different buckets that make up principal, interest, taxes and insurance or PITI for short. Here is how each bucket works:

  • Principal. This is the portion of your loan balance thats paid down with each payment.
  • Interest. This is the interest rate charged monthly by your lender for the mortgage you chose.
  • Taxes. Youll pay 1/12th of your yearly property tax bill each month based on how much is assessed each year in your neighborhood.
  • Insurance. Lenders require homeowners insurance to cover your home against hazards like fire, theft or accidents. You may have an additional, separate monthly payment for mortgage insurance based on your down payment or loan type.
  • In the early years of your mortgage, interest makes up a greater part of your overall payment, but as time goes on, you start paying more principal than interest until the loan is paid off.

    Your lender will provide an amortization schedule . This schedule will show you how your loan balance drops over time, as well as how much principal youre paying versus interest.


    Mortgage lenders require an escrow account to collect your property taxes and homeowners insurance each month if you make less than a 20% down payment on your mortgage. Your lender uses the funds in an escrow account to pay your property tax bills and homeowners insurance premiums.

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    The Bottom Line: Demystifying The Mortgage Application Process Is Your First Step Toward A New Home

    Once youve made it all the way through to your closing day, youll be rewarded for your efforts with a new home and the official status of homeownership. Getting across the finish line can feel like a long, complicated process. But mortgage applicants who are familiar with each step along the way are best positioned to make their application go as smoothly as possible.

    Now that you understand the process, are you ready to get started? You can go ahead and start the approval process online or call one of our friendly Home Loan Experts at 785-4788. If you have any questions for us, go ahead and leave them in the comments section.

    Before You Build Research Construction Loans

    Should You Refinance or Use a Home Equity Loan ...

    Ultimately, we’re very glad we built our home because it allowed us to get a house that’s perfectly suited to our needs.

    But, the construction loan process was a costly and complicated one that required us to put down a large down payment, to spend a lot of time dealing with securing financing, and to incur significant costs to pay for two closings and have multiple appraisals done.

    Be aware of the added complications before you decide to build a home and research construction loan options carefully to make sure you get the right financing for your situation.

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    Or Renovate Your Current Home

    OUTSTANDING! Recommended by a friend and lived up to everything!! We have had some bumps in our credit and were told a refinance was not possible. Lisa had everything worked out and knew all the answer to every credit question in our history. We closed on our re-fi today and changed our monthly budget by over $800.

    – Robert C.

    Our experience with Accurate Mortgage was truly Amazing! The whole staff was very friendly and professional. We would like to extend a special Thank You to Savannah! She was eager to help us through the process of refinancing our home and took the time to educate us along the way! Special Thank you to Trish also. This was a first class experience for us. We cant thank you all enough!

    – Bradley.

    I didn’t think I could buy a home until I talked to John Miller. He made the process easy and simple. And once he said we could get a mortgage, he made it happen. This is after two other companies failed. You want a house? Talk to John!

    – Jim B.

    This company is amazing helped me and my husband multiple times with buying a house. Everyone is so nice and very good at communicating!

    – Kandace.

    Loan Closing Within 30 Days

    Once you have your purchase agreement and underwriting starts, we try to close your loan within 30 days here at Quicken Loans®.

    Besides looking for the home, the next biggest delay in the process can sometimes be getting an appraisal scheduled. There are areas of the country where theres a shortage of appraisers. If youre buying in one of these areas, its important that both the buyer and seller have realistic expectations.

    You can really help speed up the process if you get all the documentation that youre asked for turned in on time. This may be the one thing about the mortgage process thats most directly in your control.

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    Save For A Down Payment And Closing Costs

    There are many ways to save for your home purchase, including through investments and savings accounts. If you have relatives who are willing to contribute money, you may be able to use gift money toward your down payment .

    But how much do you need to save before buying a home? Lets look at some of the major expenses related to the purchase, and how much you might want to save for them.

    Types Of Loans You Can Use As A Down Payment

    How to Calculate a Mortgage Payment

    There are a few different ways you can get a down payment without having to save for it:

    • Line of credit. You can opt for a line of credit for your down payment. But it cannot be from the same bank youre getting your mortgage from.
    • Personal Loan. This could potentially be a good option for someone who is in great financial standing but doesnt want to wait any longer to purchase a house.
    • . This is probably the worst option as charging at least 5% of the purchase price of your home could put you into for years.
    • Borrowing from a family member. If you have a generous family member then you could potentially borrow your down payment from them.
    • Government programs. Depending on what province you live in there are special government programs that can provide lower-income families with down payment assistance.

    Government Programs

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