Mortgage Down Payment Sources
There are a number of ways you can source funds for a mortgage down payment. Traditional sources include saving a fixed amount from every paycheque, selling stocks, bonds or personal property, or reaching out to immediate family, for example. Another great option is the RRSP Home Buyers’ Plan which lets first-time homebuyers withdraw up to $35,000 from Registered Retirement Savings Plans for a home purchase, tax-free. Many first-time homebuyers take advantage of this opportunity and set up RRSP accounts well in advance, with the intention to reap the rewards when it is time to purchase real estate.
Non-traditional sources for a down payment include borrowed funds, and gifts from non-immediate family members. It is important to note, however, that when you employ non-traditional sources for your down payment, you will incur a CMHC insurance surcharge of 0.15% for down payments of 5% or less.2
Your Down Payment Determines The Amount Of Cmhc Insurance You Pay
Your CMHC insurance premium, calculated as a percent of your mortgage amount, gets smaller as you increase your down payment. To learn more about CMHC insurance and how it is calculated, please visit our CMHC insurance page.
|5% – 9.99%|
|Total Payments over 25 Years||$402,726||$377,991|
Under Scenario B, the additional $15,000 put towards the mortgage down payment lowers CMHC insurance by $2,423 and saves the homebuyer around $25,000 in interest over the life of the mortgage. However, it is also important to consider the opportunity cost, or alternative uses for the additional outlay under Scenario B. You must look at your expected returns associated with RRSP contributions, stock investments, and/or debt repayments, for example, to make an informed decision.
Costs Associated With Home Ownership And Mortgages
Monthly mortgage payments usually comprise the bulk of the financial costs associated with owning a house, but there are other substantial costs to keep in mind. These costs are separated into two categories, recurring and non-recurring.
Most recurring costs persist throughout and beyond the life of a mortgage. They are a significant financial factor. Property taxes, home insurance, HOA fees, and other costs increase with time as a byproduct of inflation. In the calculator, the recurring costs are under the “Include Options Below” checkbox. There are also optional inputs within the calculator for annual percentage increases under “More Options.” Using these can result in more accurate calculations.
These costs aren’t addressed by the calculator, but they are still important to keep in mind.
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Mortgage Rates In Ontario
Mortgage brokers and certain lenders can charge different mortgage interest rates depending on the province. Ratehub.ca has a comprehensive page of the best mortgage rates in Ontario. The most current Ontario mortgage rates are already included in the calculator above, so you can trust the numbers we provide to be accurate.
What Is Principal And Interest
The principal is the loan amount that you borrowed and the interest is the additional money that you owe to the lender that accrues over time and is a percentage of your initial loan. Fixed-rate mortgages will have the same total principal and interest amount each month, but the actual numbers for each change as you pay off the loan. This is known as amortization. You start by paying a higher percentage of interest than principal. Gradually, youll pay more and more principal and less interest. See the table below for an example of amortization on a $200,000 mortgage.
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What Are The Income Requirements For Refinancing A Mortgage
Mortgage refinancing options are reserved for qualified borrowers, just like new mortgages. As an existing homeowner, youll need to prove your steady income, have good credit, and be able to prove at least 20 percent equity in your home.
Just like borrowers must prove creditworthiness to initially qualify for a mortgage loan approval, borrowers have to do the same for mortgage refinancing.
Canadian Mortgage Regulations Taxes And Fees
Canada-wide mortgage regulations are set by the Ministry of Finance to help protect home buyers and lenders alike. These regulations include guidelines on minimum down payments, maximum amortization periods, as well as mortgage default insurance.
Here are the key regulations you need to be aware of, and that are included in the Ontario mortgage calculator above:
- The minimum down payment in Canada is between 5% and 10%, depending on the purchase price of the home.
- The maximum amortization is 25 years for down payments under 20% and 35 years for higher down payments.
- Mortgage default insurance – also called CMHC insurance – must be purchased for down payments between 5% and 20%. Visit our CMHC insurance page to learn more.
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How Forbes Advisor Estimates Your Monthly Mortgage Payment
Forbes Advisors mortgage calculator makes it easy to estimate your monthly mortgage payment using your home price, down payment and other loan details. Based on that information, it also calculates how much of each monthly payment will go toward interest and how much will cover the loan principal. You can also view how much youll pay in principal and interest each year of your mortgage term.
To make these calculations, our tool uses this data:
- Home price. This is the amount you plan to spend on a home.
- Down payment amount. The amount of money you will pay to the sellers at closing. This amount is subtracted from the home price to determine the amount youll be financing with the mortgage.
- Interest rate. If youve already started shopping for a mortgage, enter the interest rate offered by the lender. If not, check out the current average mortgage rate to estimate your potential payments.
- Loan term. The loan term is the length of the mortgage in years. The most popular terms are for 15 and 30 years, but other terms are available.
- Additional monthly costs. In addition to principal and interest, the calculator considers costs associated with property taxes, private mortgage insurance , homeowners insurance and homeowners association fees.
$900000 House At 400%
- Get a free copy of your to make sure there are no errors which might negatively affect your credit score.
- Shop around. Make sure to get multiple mortgage quotes. Over 30 years, a difference of 0.25% in APR might end up being over $10,000 in extra payments!
- Bigger down payments are better. You can often qualify for a mortgage with as little as 3.5% down. But, unless your down payment is at least 20%, you will likely have to pay Private Mortgage Insurance . This can add significant cost to the price of the mortgage.
Can I afford a $900,000 house?
Traditionally, the “28% rule” means a person should not spend more than 28% of their pre-tax income on total housing costs.
Let’s assume that taxes and insurance are 2% of the house price annually. Here’s how much you’d have to make to afford a house that costs $900,000 with a 4.00% loan:
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Understanding Your Mortgage Payment
Monthly mortgage payment = Principal + Interest + Escrow Account Payment
Escrow account = Homeowners Insurance + Property Taxes + PMI
The lump sum due each month to your mortgage lender breaks down into several different items. Most homebuyers have an escrow account, which is the account your lender uses to pay your property tax bill and homeowners insurance. That means the bill you receive each month for your mortgage includes not only the principal and interest payment , but also property taxes, home insurance and, in some cases, private mortgage insurance.
Maximum Affordability Vs What You Should Actually Spend
Your GDS and TDS ratios are just guidelines, and you do not have to borrow the maximum amount possible. According to the 2013 RBC Affordability Index Survey1, homeowners have been using more and more of their income to service their mortgage payments, leaving them vulnerable to job loss and interest rate increases.
Some industry experts have even suggested that the traditional TDS formulas be amended to include a 10% savings buffer. This concept has gained traction and even earned the nickname the Total Debt Service + Savings ratio2. When deciding what your maximum purchase price is going to be, itâs important to make sure that you have enough room left over in your budget to pay down debt, save for the future, and weather interest rate increases and job loss.
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Other Ontario Closing Costs
There are a number of other Ontario closing costs to consider when purchasing a home.
Legal fees: There are many legal aspects to consider when purchasing a home. With that in mind, its important to hire an experienced real estate lawyer to review all of your paperwork and help you finalize your transaction.
Home Inspections: Its wise to use an home inspector before purchasing a home, to make sure the home youre about to buy is in good condition.
A Sample Maximum Affordability Calculation
Let’s look at an example where your gross annual income is $75,000. You’re buying a home with annual property taxes of $3,600, monthly heating costs are $200 and, since you’re buying a house, there are no condo fees. In addition to your housing expenses, you have a monthly car loan at $300 and must make minimum monthly payments of $250 on your credit card debt. You have $20,000 saved up for a down payment.
Ã· 12 months in the year
= Max monthly mortgage payment: $1,450
Since both your GDS and TDS ratios must be less than or equal to the maximum, the largest mortgage payment you can afford is $1,450. Though your GDS suggests you can afford $1,500, at that monthly payment, your TDS will be over 40% and therefore $1,450 is the maximum payment that ensures both debt service ratios fall within the allowable range.
With a monthly mortgage payment of $1,450 per month, you can afford a $300,000 mortgage with a 5-year fixed interest rate of 3.28% and an amortization period of 25 years. Finally you must ensure you have the minimum down payment of 5%. Since $20,000 / $300,000 = 6.67% you can satisfy the minimum down payment requirement.
After calculating your GDS ratio, TDS ratio and down payment percent, you can determine your maximum affordability at $300,000. Since your TDS ratio is limiting your affordability, you could try paying off some of your credit card or car debt to increase your maximum affordability.
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How Do Payments Differ By Province In Canada
Most mortgage regulation in Canada is consistent across the provinces. This includes the minimum down payment of 5%, and the maximum amortization period 35 years, for example. However, there are some mortgage rules that vary between provinces. This table summarizes the differences:
|PST on CMHC insurance|
Land Transfer Tax In Ontario
Ontarios land transfer tax is calculated as a percentage of the propertys value, using the purchase price as an estimate. The LTT is a marginal tax with rates varying from 0.5% to 2.0% of a homes value depending on its purchase price. For detailed information on rates and calculations see our Ontario land transfer tax page.
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How To Lower Your Mortgage Payments
There are a few ways to lower your monthly mortgage payments. You can reduce the purchase price, make a bigger down payment, extend the amortization period, or find a lower mortgage rate. Use the calculator to see what your payment would be in different scenarios.
Keep in mind that if your down payment is less than 20%, your maximum amortization period is 25 years. As for finding a lower mortgage rate, its a good idea to speak to a mortgage broker for assistance.
What Does Piti Stand For +
PITI is an acronym used to shorten the following terms:
- Principal the amount you owe your lender, not including interest
- Interest the payment made to your lender for the service of providing the loan
- Property Taxes added fees required by the government
- Home Insurance protection for your property and loan
This PITI calculator is designed to take all of these costs into consideration, giving you an accurate idea of your loans monthly and annual repayments.
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Debt Service Ratios And Mortgage Affordability
Set by the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation , your debt service ratios â including your gross debt service ratio and your total debt service ratio â are used to calculate the maximum mortgage the lender can offer. This maximum mortgage is then combined with your available down payment to determine the maximum home price you can purchase.
Your lenders uses these ratios to ensure you can consistently make your monthly payment, as they place a limit on the amount of your income that can go towards your housing expenses and monthly debt obligations. The industry standard guideline for GDS is no more than 32% and the guideline for TDS is no more than 40%. However, you may be allowed to exceed these limits if you have a stable source of income and good credit. If the mortgage you want to take on forces your GDS or TDS above 39% and 44% respectively, you will not be approved for that amount.
To use our earlier example, even if you have $15,000 for a down payment, your GDS and TDS score may only approve you for a $250,000 mortgage. Thus, when combined with your $30,000 down payment, your maximum affordability would be $265,000 .
Gross Debt Service Ratio
Ã· Annual Income
The maximum GDS limit used by most lenders to qualify borrowers is 39% and the maximum TDS limit is 44%.
As of July 1st, 2020, the CMHC implemented new GDS and TDS limits for mortgages that it insures. The new GDS/TDS limits for CMHC-insured mortgages is 35/42.
Fixed Rate Vs Adjustable Rate
A fixed rate is when your interest rate remains the same for your entire loan term. An adjustable rate stays the same for a predetermined length of time and then resets to a new interest rate on scheduled intervals. A5-year ARM, for instance, offers a fixed interest rate for 5 years and then adjusts each year for the remaining length of the loan. Typically the first fixed period offers a low rate, making it beneficial if you plan to refinance or move before the first rate adjustment.
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Passing The Mortgage Stress Test
Whether your mortgage is insured or uninsured, youll have to undergo a stress test to ensure you can afford the mortgage. Currently, the benchmark rate is 5.25%. That means homebuyers must prove they can afford a mortgage in addition to utilities and other costs if interest rates rise.
Most brokers will also consider your Gross Debt Service ratio and Total Debt Service Ratio , which can be no more than 39% and 44%, respectively.
The GDS is the percentage of household income covering housing costs, including mortgage and property taxes. The TDS is the percentage of household income covering housing costs and any other debts, including credit cards and car payments.
Mortgage rate: 5.25%
Early Repayment And Extra Payments
In many situations, mortgage borrowers may want to pay off mortgages earlier rather than later, either in whole or in part, for reasons including but not limited to interest savings, wanting to sell their home, or refinancing. Our calculator can factor in monthly, annual, or one-time extra payments. However, borrowers need to understand the advantages and disadvantages of paying ahead on the mortgage.
Early Repayment Strategies
Aside from paying off the mortgage loan entirely, typically, there are three main strategies that can be used to repay a mortgage loan earlier. Borrowers mainly adopt these strategies to save on interest. These methods can be used in combination or individually.
Reasons for early repayment
Making extra payments offers the following advantages:
Drawbacks of early repayment
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Find A Trusted Local Mortgage Company
To better understand how much mortgage you can afford it is best to contact a local lender or mortgage broker to discuss your options. The information I’ve provided in my blog article gives you a helpful starting point to begin your research for buying a home or condo. Your loan officer will be able to discuss your qualifications with your MTI and DTI.
This blog article was originally published in January 2015 by Michael Nolen on DelmarvaHomeRelief.com/Blog on Mortgage Related Topics and has been completely revamped for accuracy and comprehensiveness.
How A Larger Down Payment Impacts Monthly Payments*
*The payment is principal and interest only. To get the total monthly payment for down payments below 20%, add in your property taxes, homeowners insurance and private mortgage insurance .
In general, most homebuyers should aim to have 20% of their desired home price saved before applying for a mortgage. Being able to make a sizeable down payment improves your chances of qualifying for the best mortgage rates. Your credit score and income are two additional factors that will play a role in determining your mortgage rate.
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