Monday, March 20, 2023

What Does Qc Mean In Mortgage

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Qc Industry Trends By Loan Purpose

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Interest rates declined steadily during Q4 2020, so it is no surprise that refinances drove the market. ACES data shows that refinances dominated and picked up share over the previous quarter. In Q4, refinances made up 54.20% of the reviews, with purchases ending at 45.80%. Refinances also gained when compared to Q3s 52% share. We speculated last quarter that the refinance share in quality control data was being negatively impacted by sampling criteria, and that appears to be true based on this quarters data. There is no question that refinances remained strong in Q4, and, in fact, for the entire year. Black Knights Mortgage Monitor2 report estimates that a record-breaking $4.3 trillion in residential mortgages were originated in 2020, and that refinances comprised $2.8 trillion of that amount. Because ACES reports on post- close quality control data where sampling is involved, our data will slightly differ from that of Black Knights, but follows a very similar pattern. The share of refinances in ACES data was 35% for 2019 and 54% for 2020. That is an extreme year-over-year increase considering that 2019 also had low interest rates and elevated volumes.

Figure 6 displays the loans reviewed and critical defects by loan type for Q4 2020.

Figure 7 displays the loans reviewed and critical defects by loan type for CY 2020.


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Dry Versus Wet Settlements

When everything checks out on your Closing Disclosure, youre ready for closing day.

There is one final task, and its what the entire home buying process has been leading up to: The lender must fund the transaction by providing the cash to pay for your new home.

You might have a wet settlement, where the lenders money is disbursed at closing. This is also called table funding.

Some lenders prefer a dry settlement, which means the money is paid a few days after closing.

Ask the closing agent or your mortgage broker how lender funding will be handled. A payment delay may make sellers cranky if not worse.

As the buyer, you will almost always have to bring money to closing to cover your down payment and closing costs.

Its OK to use a cashiers check, certified check, or to wire the money. You cannot bring cash to most title offices.

Be sure to check with the closing agent if you wire money. Confirm that the wiring instructions are correct, especially the recipient account number.

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Broker Quality Control Plan

  • Application Quality Control – this is your application checklist, to make sure that you are requesting everything that a borrower needs.
  • Underwriting Submission Checklist – this is your pre-underwriting quality control that checks for red flags and other elements and makes sure that your borrower isn’t trying to perpetrate fraud.
  • Post Closing compliance and financial audit. You want to make sure you have all of the required documents in the file when you receive your funding check so that you can close the file and be sure that if you are audited you have all the required paperwork in file and that you haven’t overcharged the borrower.
  • Fraud checks – You do a credit report – that has a fraud guard element, so it’s part of your quality control. Include this. There are half a dozen other Fraud prevention steps that we take as a matter of course, and we don’t even realize these are quality control measures. These need to be documented.

How Long Does Underwriting Take

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Your mortgage can be just as unique as your financial situation, so the exact amount of time underwriting takes will vary on a case-by-case basis.

The sooner all of the necessary documentation is in the hands of the underwriter, the smoother the process will be, so it’s important to get all requested documentation to the lender in a timely manner.

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Why Even Have Qc Underwriting Review

I have worked at many mortgage companies and the majority of lenders do not have a QC Underwriting Review department. If they do, it is just a second underwriter overlooking the initial mortgage underwriters work to make sure that the initial underwriter did not miss anything. Other lenders do a complete mortgage underwrite which may take over a week.

We will be discussing the QC Underwriting Review Process by lenders that do have such a process during their mortgage process:

  • QC Underwriting Review is Quality Control Underwriting Review
  • The QC Review process normally only takes 24 to 48 hours
  • A Quality Control mortgage underwriter will review the whole mortgage loan file that was underwritten by the original underwriter
  • QC Review Underwriters role is to make sure there are no errors made
  • Their role is also to make sure that the mortgage loan will be sellable on the secondary market after the mortgage lender funds the loan
  • The QC Review Department will contract with a third party search company like Lexis Nexus or Data Verify to do a nationwide search on the borrower
  • The third-party search company will do an extensive public search to see if they can discover any public records that have not been disclosed by borrowers and/or that is not reporting on the credit report

QC Underwriting is either done just prior to issuing a clear to closeor right after a clear to close has been issued, depending on the lender.

Meeting Fannie Maes New Statistical Sampling Standard

April 3, 2020 By Kaan Etem

Effective January 1, 2020, Fannie Mae has introduced a new standard for lenders who use statistical sampling to select loans for QC. Highlighted details can be found in the updated Selling Guide, on page 1070:

If the lender uses statistical sampling for its selection process, at a minimum, the statistical sampling model must be calculated using a 95% confidence level with a 2% precision rate and a statistical statement of six months

What does this mean for you? How do you calculate the correct number of loans to sample and audit under the new standard? Cogents statistical sample size calculator makes it easy:

To calculate a six month statement Enter the TOTAL estimated population for the 6 months . Then DIVIDE the calculated Sample Size by 6 to derive a sample size for a single month.

To calculate a three month statement Enter the TOTAL estimated population for the 3 months . Then DIVIDE the calculated Sample Size by 3 to derive a sample size for a single month.

Thus, a lender originating an average of 1,000 loans per month might estimate a 6-month population of 6,000 loans. Assuming an expected incidence rate of 5% and a precision target of 2%, the resulting Sample Size becomes 242. Dividing this by 6 months yields a monthly sample size of 40 loans.

For more information, please see the following:

The article Sample Examples The Calculator in Action provides guidance for using the Calculator below in various scenarios.

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Example Of Quality Control

In 1986, Motorola, Inc. created a quality control methodology called Six Sigma, which uses data-driven review to keep defects to a minimum. The process focused on cycle-time improvement to reduce defects in its manufacturing of products to no more than 3.4 occurrences per million units.

This methodology was created to minimize mistakes while documenting all the manufacturing procedures.

Motorola introduced this method because, at the time, they faced fierce competition from similar companies overseas, primarily the success of the Japanese manufacturing market, and complaints by Motorola’s customers were high.

After implementing this then-new form of quality control, the company’s performance improved dramatically. By the end of the initial five-year period , Motorola had reached its target for improvement in every sector of business.

The continued use of Six Sigma and Lean Six Sigma occurs in the 21st century and is used by Microsoft and local governments. Six Sigma uses a five-factor approach to define, measure, analyze, improve, and control to help companies identify and address quality control problems and fix them.

When To Use A Quitclaim Deed

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Quitclaim deeds are most often used to transfer property between family members. Examples include when an owner gets married and wants to add a spouses name to the title or deed, or when the owners divorce and one spouses name is removed from the title or deed. In other cases, a quitclaim deed can be used when parents transfer property to their children or when siblings transfer property to each other.

Some families or parties opt to put their real property into a family trust, and a quitclaim deed can be used then as well.

Another time that a quitclaim deed might be used is when a title insurance company finds a potential additional owner of a real property and wants to make certain that this person doesnt make a future claim of ownership.

In that case, the insurance company would ask that person to sign a quitclaim deed.

It is important to recognize that a quitclaim deed impacts only the ownership of the house and the name on the property deed or title, not the mortgage. For instance, in the case of a divorce, if both ex-spouses names are on the home mortgage loan, they are both still responsible for the mortgage payments, even if a quitclaim deed has been filed.

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What Happens After Closing Disclosure

Federal law requires that mortgage lenders provide a Closing Disclosure at least three business days before your closing date.

When you get your CD form, you need to compare it against the Loan Estimate you received when you made your mortgage application.

Some charges on your Loan Estimate, such as the loan origination fee and appraisal fee, should never change on your Closing Disclosure.

If these fees have changed, contact your loan officer and ask for a cost correction. Even a 0.25% increase in your loan origination fee can have a huge impact on closing costs, since this fee is based on your loan amount.

Costs that can change from LE to CD

Lender fees shouldnt increase between your LE and CD, but other costs listed on your CD can increase.

Some can increase by up to 10% while others can increase by any amount.

  • Can increase by up to 10%: These include survey fees, title search fees, and pest control fees. Since these services are provided by third parties, the costs arent controlled directly by the lender
  • Can increase by any amount: Some costs depend on the final details of your loan, so they could increase significantly between your LE and CD. Your homeowners insurance provider, for example, may require an upfront payment. Or you may need to pay property taxes in advance. Delays in your closing day could increase some costs, too

Be sure to ask your loan officer or closing attorney about any cost increases you see on your CD.

What about the interest rate?

Quality Assurance And Audit Functions

Auditing is part of the quality assurance function. It is important to ensure quality because it is used to compare actual conditions with requirements and to report those results to management.

In The Quality Audit: A Management Evaluation Tool , Charles Mill wrote that auditing and inspection are not interchangeable: The auditor may use inspection techniques as an evaluation tool, but the audit should not be involved in carrying out any verification activities leading to the actual acceptance or rejection of a product or service. An audit should be involved with the evaluation of the process and controls covering the production and verification activities.

Formal management systems have evolved to direct and control organizations. There are quality management systems as well as environmental or other management systems, and each of these systems may be audited.

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What Is Underwriting Explaining The Underwriting Process

6-minute read

Did you know that your finances go through a process called underwriting before you can officially get a mortgage? Underwriting is a crucial component of the home loan process because you cant get to closing until your lender’s team completes the underwriting for your mortgage. Lets dive in and learn more about the underwriting process.

Qc Review Prior Clear To Close: How Does Qc Review Process Work

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Not all mortgage companies have a separate Quality Control Underwriting Process.

A QC Review Prior Clear To Close process is when a separate mortgage underwriter reviews the file. In a way, it is reviewing the work of the original mortgage underwriter. QC Review Prior Clear To Close Underwriters makes sure everything that has been checked off by the original underwriter and all of the conditions are correct. In a way, it is the second set of eyes. Once the QC Review Prior Clear To Close has been signed off, the lender can then give the thumbs up to the closing department to prep docs and schedule the home closing. However, once the mortgage loan underwriter deems the mortgage loan application clear to close, it gets sent out for QC Review Prior Clear To Close underwriter.

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What Is Quality Control

Quality control is a process through which a business seeks to ensure that product quality is maintained or improved. Quality control requires the company to create an environment in which both management and employees strive for perfection. This is done by training personnel, creating benchmarks for product quality, and testing products to check for statistically significant variations.

A significant aspect of quality control is the establishment of well-defined controls. These controls help standardize both production and reactions to quality issues. Limiting room for error by specifying which production activities are to be completed by which personnel reduces the chance that employees will be involved in tasks for which they do not have adequate training.

Quality Control

Qc Review Prior Clear To Close During Mortgage Process

This article is about QC Review Prior Clear To Close During Mortgage Process

The mortgage application and approval process start when borrowers submit all of their financial and credit information to the mortgage lender.

Information such as the following need to be processed by mortgage processors:

  • two years tax returns
  • verification of rent and/or verification of mortgage
  • verification of employment
  • letters of explanations on credit inquiries and/or derogatory credit tradelines
  • other forms required by lenders

In this article

All documents get reviewed and crossed checked and processed by the assigned mortgage loan processor:

  • Once the processor compiles the file and submits it to the lenders underwriting department
  • The mortgage underwriter gets assigned to the file
  • The underwriter then underwrites the loan application
  • If everything is good, the underwriter will issue a conditional mortgage approval

Conditional loan approval will have conditions necessary for the underwriter to issue a clear to close.

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Final Approval Vs Conditional Approval

Most borrowers get a conditional approval before the final approval, so dont be surprised if your mortgage underwriter has some questions about your financial situation.

Mortgage underwriters are people employed by the lender to review and analyze your ability to repay the loan.

The underwriting process will check your bank statements, credit history, and pay stubs for verification of employment. Self-employed borrowers may need to submit transcripts from their tax returns.

If anything looks amiss in these documents or raises questions for the lender, you may receive a conditional approval with a few extra steps before closing.

As part of your conditional approval, the underwriter will issue a list of requirements. These requirements are called conditions or prior-to-document conditions.

From conditional approval to clear to close

To meet these conditions, you may need to submit additional documentation, such as:

Theres no need to take these requests for additional information personally. Conditional approvals are a common part of the mortgage process.

Your loan officer will submit all your conditions back to the underwriter, who should then issue a clear to close, which means youre ready to sign loan documents. This last verification is your final approval.

How long does it take to get final approval?

Getting your loan from conditional approval to final approval could take about two weeks, but theres no guarantee about this timeframe.

Three Main Qm Categories

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  • General definition Any loan that meets the product feature requirements with a debt-to-income ratio of 43% or less is a QM
  • “GSE-eligible” Any loan that meets the product feature requirements and is eligible for purchase, guarantee or insurance by a GSE, FHA, VA or USDA is a QM, regardless of the debt-to-income ratio. This QM category applies for GSE loans as long as the GSEs are in FHFA conservatorship and for federal agency loans until an agency issues its own QM rules, or Jan. 10, 2021, whichever occurs first
  • Small creditor If you have less than $2B in assets and originate 500 or fewer first mortgages per year, loans you make and hold in portfolio are QMs as long as you have considered and verified a borrower’s debt-to-income ratio

EXTRA NOTE: Even if a loan is not a qualified mortgage, it can still be an appropriate loan.

You can originate any mortgage as long as you make a reasonable, good-faith determination that the consumer is able to repay the loan based on common underwriting factors. You can continue to rely on your sound, tested underwriting guidelines that you have used in the past to make loans that have generally performed well, as long as you document the information you consider.

Learn more about the Ability to Repay Rule:

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