Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac Programs
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, government-sponsored enterprises that buy and sell most U.S. mortgages, require only 3% down for borrowers with strong credit. Both programs will consider some borrowers with no credit score by building a non-traditional credit reportas long as those borrowers meet certain debt-to-income and loan-to-value ratio guidelines in addition to other requirements.
Fannie Maes HomeReady mortgage program allows a 97% LTV ratio for borrowers with a minimum credit score of 620. Freddie Macs Home Possible Advantage mortgage also offers a 97% LTV ratio for borrowers but requires a minimum credit score of 660 to qualify.
Applying For A Mortgage
Applying for a mortgage is often a two-stage process.
The first stage usually involves a basic fact find to help you work out how much you can afford, and which type of mortgage you might need.
The second stage is where the mortgage lender will conduct a more detailed affordability check, and if they havent already requested it, evidence of income.
Generally, the lender or mortgage broker will ask you a series of questions to work out what kind of mortgage you want, and how long you want it for.
Theyll also try to work out, without going into too much detail, your financial situation.
This is generally used to provide an indication of how much a lender might be prepared to lend you.
They should also give you key information about the product, their service and any fees or charges if applicable.
This is usually where you begin your application.
The lender or mortgage broker will begin a full fact find and a detailed affordability assessment, for which youll need to provide evidence of your income and specific expenditure, and stress tests of your finances.
This could involve some detailed questioning of your finances and future plans that could impact your future income.
Theyll also assess the impact on your repayments should interest rates rise in the future.
If your application has been accepted, the lender will provide you with a binding offer and a Mortgage illustration document explainingterms of yourmortgage.
The Construction Mortgage Process
The mortgage process for the construction of a new home is more complicated and often more expensive than that of a conventional mortgage on an existing home. Not only does building the home take time and effort, but most lenders require more assurances before theyll start lending you money. For the most part, a high credit score and decent income wont be enough. Potential homeowners need to provide their lender with proof that the construction of their home will be completed within a certain timeframe. Banks, in particular, will also want to verify that the contractor or home builder in question is certified and has a history of well-built housing projects. If you yourself are planning to act as the contractor, it might make the lender skeptical until you can give them a reason to believe you are adequately qualified to take on a project of this magnitude. This is especially true for progress draw mortgages. Because the house isnt already built, there is a lot more risk on the part of the lender. If anything should go wrong during construction, they could potentially lose a lot of money. In the event that the borrower defaults on their loan, the lender might have to repossess the property, then try to sell a plot of land with a partially finished house on it.
Trying to pay off your mortgage early? Find out how by .
Rating of 5/5 based on 96 votes.
Don’t Miss: How To Get A Million Dollar Mortgage
How To Estimate Affordability
There is a rule of thumb about how much you can afford, based on the calculations your mortgage provider will make. The rule of thumb is you can afford a mortgage where your monthly housing costs are no more than 32% of your gross household income, and where your total debt load is no more than 40% of your gross houshold income. This rule is based on your debt service ratios.
Lenders look at two ratios when determining the mortgage amount you qualify for, which generally indicate how much you can afford. These ratios are called the Gross Debt Service ratio and Total Debt Service ratio. They take into account your income, monthly housing costs, and overall debt load.
The first affordability guideline, as set out by the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation , is that your monthly housing costs mortgage principal and interest, taxes, and heating expenses – should not exceed 32% of your gross household monthly income. For condominiums, P.I.T.H. also includes half of your monthly condominium fees. The sum of these housing costs as a percentage of your gross monthly income is your GDS ratio.
Different Types Of Mortgage
Once youve decided how to pay back the capital and interest, you need to think about the mortgage type.
Mortgages come with fixed or variable interest rates.
With a fixed-rate mortgage your repayments will be the same for a certain period of time typically two to five years.
Regardless of what interest rates are doing in the wider market.
If you have a variable rate mortgage, the rate you pay could move up or down, in line with the Bank of England base rate.
There are various types of variable rate mortgages.
For more information read our guides:
You May Like: What Is The Federal Interest Rate For Mortgage
Additional Costs To Prepare For
Weve covered costs to open and close your loan, cash for an earnest money deposit, and keeping your bank account healthy enough to show you can make your ongoing monthly mortgage payments.
But there are a few other expenses you should plan for, too:
- A home inspection Before finalizing your home purchase, youll want an independent home inspection which can reveal major and minor defects before you buy. Expect to find some minor and cosmetic problems if the inspector finds structural or safety issues, youll want to consider buying a different house or negotiating with the seller to resolve the issues before you buy. A home inspection typically costs between $250 and $400 for an average-sized home
- Moving expenses If you have friends and family members who happen to have trucks and strong backs, you may not need to worry much about moving expenses. But if youre moving to a different area or across the country, moving can easily cost $3,000 to $5,000. If youre moving for work, ask whether your new employer will help cover moving costs
- An emergency fund A job loss or an unexpected major repair at your new home could compromise your ability to pay your mortgage. Most financial advisors recommend keeping a few months living expenses set aside for emergencies. That way you wont run up credit card debt just to pay your bills
New homeowners often underestimate the amount of cash theyll need both upfront and after the home sale closes.
What The Early Mortgage Payoff Calculator Does
Do you want to pay off your mortgage early? Maybe you have 27 years remaining on your home loan but you would rather pay it off in 18 years instead. The early payoff calculator demonstrates how to reach your goal.
The mortgage payoff calculator shows you:
How much more principal you would have to pay every month so you can pay off the loan in a certain number of years.
How much interest you would save by paying off the loan early.
There are many reasons you might want to accelerate the mortgage’s payoff, but the motivation usually boils down to either or both of these:
You want to own your home free and clear by a milestone in life, such as your retirement or the beginning or end of your kids’ college years.
You want to reduce the total interest you pay over the life of the loan.
To steadily pay off the mortgage early, you need to know how much more to pay toward the principal balance every month to accomplish that goal. This calculator lets you do that.
When paying down the principal on a mortgage faster, keep in mind that each servicer has its own procedures for assuring that your extra payments go toward the principal balance instead of toward future payments. Contact your servicer for instructions.
Also Check: How Do Mortgage Companies Decide How Much To Lend
What Home Can I Buy With My Income
A quick recap of the guidelines that we outlined to help you figure out how much house you can afford:
- The first is the 36% debt-to-income rule: Your total debt payments, including your housing payment, should never be more than 36% of your income.
- The second is your down payment and cash reserves: You should aim for a 20% down payment and always try to keep at least three monthsâ worth of payments in the bank in case of an emergency.
Let’s take a look at a few hypothetical homebuyers and houses to see who can afford what.
How To Use The Early Mortgage Payoff Calculator
To fill in the calculator’s boxes accurately, consult a recent monthly statement or the first page of the Closing Disclosure that you received when you closed on your mortgage.
Under Loan term , enter the number of years for which your home is financed.
Under What was your mortgage amount?, fill in the loan amount. In the Closing Disclosure, you can find this on the first line of the Loan Terms section.
Under Interest rate, enter the percentage.
Under How many years are left on your mortgage?, you’ll need to enter a whole number, so round up or down.
Likewise, under In how many years do you want to pay off your mortgage?, you’ll have to enter a whole number, rounding up or down.
Under How much do you still owe ?, look for this figure in a recent monthly statement, or contact the mortgage servicer. Or you can use NerdWallet’s mortgage amortization calculator and drag the slider to find out how much you still owe.
Read Also: Can You Sell House Before Paying Off Mortgage
First Home Loan Deposit Scheme
The First Home Loan Deposit Scheme is available from 1 January 2020. It helps eligible first home buyers:
- buy a house with a deposit as small as 5% of the purchase price
- save around $10,000 in lender’s mortgage insurance fees
Visit the National Home Finance and Investment Corporation website for more information.
Mortgage Calculator: How Much Can I Borrow
Many or all of the products featured here are from our partners who compensate us. This may influence which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page. However, this does not influence our evaluations. Our opinions are our own. Here is a list ofour partnersandhere’s how we make money.
Also Check: What Is The Current Va Mortgage Rate
Loan To Value And The Size Of Your Deposit
All mortgages require some form of deposit, but they are not directly linked to how much you could borrow. The loan to value or LTV of your mortgage, means how much the mortgage is in relation to the value of the property. So, if you have a £50,000 deposit for a £200,000 property, the mortgage you need would be £150,000 75% of the property’s worth, or 75% loan-to-value.
Check Your Credit Report Before The Mortgage Lender Does
You need to convince mortgage lenders that you’ve got the financial discipline required to pay back your mortgage. One way they investigate this is by searching your credit report to find out if you’ve a good repayment history.
Your credit report lists details from any accounts you’ve had open over the past six years, including:
The three credit reference agencies in the UK are Experian, Equifax and TransUnion. It used to be that checking your credit report would cost you, but these days you can do it for FREE. See how to access your Experian, Equifax and TransUnion credit reports in our Check your credit report for free guide.
It is worth checking that each of them is up to scratch, as you don’t know which one your future mortgage lender will check.
Can I get a mortgage with a bad credit score?
Having a poor credit history might not automaticallyrule out your chances of getting a mortgage, but it certainly runs the risk of scuppering them. To give yourself the best chance possible of acceptance, take the time before you apply for a mortgage to get your credit report into good shape.
For tips and help on how to bolster your credit report, see our guide.
Recommended Reading: What Is The Mortgage On 800k
Do Mortgage Calculators Require A Credit Check
No, you wont need to undergo a when using mortgage calculators, as the only information youre inputting is your basic salary no other personal details are required. This means therell be no searches appearing on your credit report and no impact on your score, but if youre concerned that your current score may be holding you back from getting the best deals, nows the time to work on improving it. Find a free credit check service.
Cut Down On Everyday Spending
It might be a cliche but making small changes to your everyday outgoings really can add up over time.
Check your bank statement and have a look at what you’re spending on apps like those from Monzo and Starling automatically break spending down into categories, which makes the process easier.
Perhaps you hadnt realised that the daily cup of coffee you buy costs you £600 a year, or that youve been spending £150 on clothes every month.
Identifying any areas you can cut back on eg taking coffee from home in a thermos flask, or limiting yourself to one new clothing item a month can free up substantial amounts of cash to be stashed away in your deposit fund.
- Find out more:50 ways to save money
Recommended Reading: Is Closing Cost Part Of Mortgage
Carefully Manage Your Available Credit
This is all about how much credit you have available to spend on credit cards and overdrafts. It’s the difference between your combined debit balances on your cards and bank accounts and your combined credit limits/overdraft limit.
You need to strike a balance between not having too much as lenders may think you could rack up more debt by spending it all and not getting too close to your limits, which makes it seem you’re at the edge of your finances. Here’s what credit agency Experian says:
This is an art, not a science, and all lenders’ views of how much credit you ‘should’ have differ. Try to average around 25% of your available credit, but if you need to use more then definitely keep it below 50% in all cases. Of course, if you can pay off debt, you should do so.
Increase Your Credit Score
The higher your credit score, the greater your chances are of getting a lower interest rate. To increase your credit score, pay your bills on time, pay off your debt and keep your overall balance low on each of your credit accounts. Don’t close unused accounts as this can negatively impact your credit score.
You May Like: How Much Mortgage Do You Pay A Month
How Does Credible Calculate Refinance Rates
Changing economic conditions, central bank policy decisions, investor sentiment and other factors influence the movement of mortgage refinance rates. Credible average mortgage refinance rates are calculated based on information provided by partner lenders who pay compensation to Credible.
The rates assume a borrower has a 740 credit score and is borrowing a conventional loan for a single-family home that will be their primary residence. The rates also assume no discount points and a down payment of 20%.
Credible mortgage refinance rates will only give you an idea of current average rates. The rate you receive can vary based on a number of factors.
Mortgage Arrangement Or Booking Fee
This will likely be the largest of the additional mortgage costs, it can cost up to £2,000. Most mortgages will have a mortgage arrangement or booking fee, but there are also many mortgages that don’t , so it’s worth shopping around.
As the cost of this fee can be quite substantial, you can usually add it to your total mortgage debt, but youll have to pay interest on this, so in the long term it always works out cheaper to pay upfront.
Recommended Reading: Is A Timeshare Considered A Mortgage
What Factors Impact The Amount You Can Borrow
Lenders consider several factors in determining the amount you qualify for, including:
Your debt-to-income ratio. Our How much can I borrow calculator? depends on an accurate input of your income and recurring debt. Youll want to really hone those figures down to a fine point, because lenders will be using them too.
Your loan-to-value ratio. This ratio is a function of the amount of money you put down. If you want to drill down on this calculation, use NerdWallets loan-to-value calculator.
Your credit score. This number impacts the pricing of your loan, more than how much youll qualify for. But thats really important. If you dont know your score, get it here.