Tuesday, December 5, 2023

How Do Banks Make Money On Reverse Mortgages

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You Don’t Plan To Move Soon

Effect of Reverse Mortgage on Tax and Benefits|Medical, Medicaid and Medicare

You should plan on remaining in your home for the near future if you’re considering a reverse mortgage. This rule of thumb isn’t unique to reverse mortgages it also usually doesn’t make sense to get a new forward mortgage on a home you’re about to sell. The reason? Loan closing costs.

Typical Reverse Mortgage Closing Costs
Required if the home doesn’t meet the FHA’s minimum property standards

It may not make financial sense to pay these sums if you’re going to move before the loan’s financial benefits outweigh the costs. Moving is one of the events that make your reverse mortgage due and payable. After paying seller fees and repaying your HECM, the proceeds from selling your house may not be enough to support your next step, whether it’s downsizing, assisted living, or paying a relative for caregiving.

The Bottom Line: Consider All Available Options

Reverse mortgages can be a useful tool in retirement by allowing access to home equity and eliminating the monthly mortgage payment, providing more money each month. However, they can be complex loans, and its important that the client understands they must continue to pay their property taxes and homeowners insurance and maintain their home. These types of loans are not for everyone, so its important to know that you have other options. These alternatives to a reverse mortgage include downsizing, refinancing your current loan, getting a second mortgage that allows you to borrow money against the equity in your home or renting space in your current home.

If youre interested in refinancing your current loan, start today with Rocket Mortgage.

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What Does It Cost To Apply For A Reverse Mortgage

Before closing on a proprietary reverse mortgage under New Yorks Real Property Law Section 280 or 280-a, the only charges a lender may collect from a borrower before closing are an application fee, an appraisal fee, and a credit report fee. That application fee must be designated as such and may not be a percentage of the principal amount of the reverse mortgage or of the amount financed. For a HECM loan, there generally is no separate application fee as that fee is include in the origination fee collected at closing.

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Where To Get A Reverse Mortgage

Two financial institutions offer reverse mortgages in Canada. HomeEquity Bank offers the Canadian Home Income Plan , which is available across Canada. You can get a reverse mortgage directly from HomeEquity Bank or through mortgage brokers. Equitable Bank offers a reverse mortgage in some major urban centres.

Shop around and explore your options before you get a reverse mortgage. Your financial institution may offer other products that might meet your needs.

Compare the costs of the following potential alternatives to a reverse mortgage:

  • getting another type of loan, such as a personal loan, line of credit or credit card
  • selling your home
  • renting another home or apartment
  • moving into assisted living, or other alternative housing

You may want to speak with a financial advisor and your family before getting a reverse mortgage. Make sure you understand how a reverse mortgage works and how it can affect your home equity over time.

Refinance Your Current Mortgage

Reverse Mortgages

You could choose to refinance your mortgage to lower your monthly payments or change your loan term. If you refinance when rates are low, you could get a lower interest rate than your original mortgage. With a lower interest rate, your monthly payment could go down, providing you more money each month. If youre thinking about getting a reverse mortgage to get rid of your mortgage payment, consider refinancing for a shorter term. Youll pay more each month, but youll pay the loan off faster and own your home free and clear sooner.

If your goal is to supplement your income, you could do a cash-out refinance, which allows you to borrow against the equity in your home, just like a reverse mortgage does. However, a cash-out refinance wont take away your monthly mortgage payments. Youll need to pay on the loan each month.

Find out if a refinance is right for you.

See rates, requirements and benefits.

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Who Pays My Property Insurance And Taxes After I Get A Reverse Mortgage

As the homeowner, you will still be responsible for maintaining your property insurance and taxes. This may be different than a traditional mortgage you have had in the past, for which property insurance and taxes are often included in the monthly payment and are remitted by your servicer. However, based on the results of a financial fitness test, you may be required to have a set-aside account containing proceeds from your reverse mortgage that have been set aside for payment of your property insurance and taxes. If this is the case, you should be notified by your lender and your lender would be responsible for ensuring that timely payments are made toward your property insurance and taxes.

What To Ask A Lender About Reverse Mortgages

Before getting a reverse mortgage, ask your lender about:

  • how you can get the money from a reverse mortgage
  • if there are any fees you have to pay
  • what interest rate you have to pay on the money you borrow
  • what can cause you to default on the loan
  • any penalties you have to pay if you sell your home within a certain period of time
  • how much time you have to pay off the loans balance if you move
  • how much time your estate has to pay off the loans balance if you die
  • what happens if it takes your estate longer than the stated period to fully repay the loan when you die
  • what happens if the amount of the loan ends up being higher than your homes value when it’s time to pay the loan back

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What Is A Reverse Mortgage

A reverse mortgage is a loan that allows you to get money from your home equity without having to sell your home. This is sometimes called equity release. You can borrow up to 55% of the current value of your home.

The maximum amount youre able to borrow will depends on:

  • your age
  • your homes appraised value
  • your lender

You pay back your loan when you move out of your home, sell it or the last borrower dies. This means you dont need to make any payments on a reverse mortgage until the loan is due. You will owe more interest on a reverse mortgage the longer you go without making payments. At the end of your loan term, you may have less equity in your home.

How An Equity Release Agreement Works

Why Would a Bank Make a Loan With No Payments Like a Reverse Mortgage

One option is for one or more investors to buy portions of your home’s equity through a property investment fund. You pay fees which are periodically deducted from the remaining equity in your home. The investor’s share of your home’s equity goes up over time, and yours goes down.

For example, suppose your home is currently worth $500,000. You sell 20% of your home’s equity in return for a lump sum of $100,000. The fee charged by the fund may vary, depending on your circumstances and the agreement. If the fund charges an initial fee of $30,000, it may take $130,000 of your equity to cover both the lump sum and periodic fee.

Additional amounts of equity are deducted each time the periodic fee falls due . The fee is a set percentage of the fund’s equity in your home. So, as the fund’s share of equity increases, the fee goes up.

When the equity release agreement ends, and your home is sold, the fund gets their share of the proceeds. That is, the proportion of your home’s equity they have accrued. You or your deceased estate get the remainder of the proceeds, if any.

The proportion of home equity you keep will reduce over time, and could even go down to zero.

Check your agreement to see what happens if your equity goes down to zero. Make sure you can continue living in your home, until sold by you or your deceased estate.

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S: Reverse Mortgages Get Government Backing

The next big development came in the 1980s. At the start of that decade, the Senate approved a proposal from then-Sen. John Heinz, R-Pa., to get reverse mortgages insured by the Federal Housing Administration .

After some initial resistance from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development , a pilot program to offer government-insured reverse mortgages, now dubbed home equity conversion mortgages , was rolled out in 1987 with the blessing of Congress. Then-President Ronald Reagan signed the Housing and Community Development Act into law in 1988, marking the establishment of the modern reverse mortgage.

How Will I Receive The Money For My Reverse Mortgage

Once youve qualified for your reverse mortgage amount, you have a number of choices of how to receive the money. It can either be in the form of a lump sum, or you can receive it in regular monthly payments starting at $1,000, or quarterly payments starting at $3,000. Find out more about the IncomeAdvantage.

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How The Home Equity Access Scheme Works

The loan is secured against real estate you, or your partner, own in Australia. You can choose how much you offer as security.

You can choose the amount you get paid fortnightly. Your combined pension and loan payments cannot exceed 1.5 times the maximum fortnightly pension rate.

From 1 July 2022, you can get an advance payment of your loan . This is in addition to, or instead of, your fortnightly loan payments. Taking up this option may reduce the fortnightly loan payment you get for the next year .

There is a maximum amount of loan you can borrow over time. This is based on your age and how much you offer as security for the loan.

What Are The Types Of Reverse Mortgages


There are different types of reverse mortgages, and each one fits a different financial need.

  • Home Equity Conversion Mortgage The most popular type of reverse mortgage, these federally-insured mortgages usually have higher upfront costs, but the funds can be used for any purpose. In addition, you can choose how the money is withdrawn, such as fixed monthly payments or a line of credit . Although widely available, HECMs are only offered by Federal Housing Administration -approved lenders, and before closing, all borrowers must receive HUD-approved counseling.
  • Proprietary reverse mortgage This is a private loan not backed by the government. You can typically receive a larger loan advance from this type of reverse mortgage, especially if you have a higher-valued home.
  • Single-purpose reverse mortgage This mortgage is not as common as the other two, and is usually offered by nonprofit organizations and state and local government agencies. A single-purpose mortgage is generally the least expensive of the three options however, borrowers can only use the loan to cover one specific purpose, such as a handicap accessible remodel, explains Jackie Boies, a senior director of housing and bankruptcy services for Money Management International, a nonprofit debt counselor based in Sugar Land, Texas.

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Do This To Avoid Foreclosure From A Reverse Mortgage

Another danger associated with a reverse mortgage is the possibility of foreclosure. Even though the borrower isnt responsible for making any mortgage paymentsand therefore cant become delinquent on thema reverse mortgage requires the borrower to meet certain conditions. Failing to meet these conditions allows the lender to foreclose.

As a reverse mortgage borrower, you are required to live in the home and maintain it. If the home falls into disrepair, it wont be worth fair market value when its time to sell, and the lender wont be able to recoup the full amount that it has extended to the borrower.

Reverse mortgage borrowers are also required to stay current on property taxes and homeowners insurance. Again, the lender imposes these requirements to protect its interest in the home. If you dont pay your property taxes, then your local tax authority can seize the house. If you dont have homeowners insurance and theres a house fire, the lenders collateral is damaged.

About one in five reverse mortgage foreclosures from 2009 through 2017 was caused by the borrowers failure to pay property taxes or insurance, according to an analysis by Reverse Mortgage Insight.

Reverse Mortgage Interest Rates for HECMs

There are some exceptions to these rules for eligible non-borrowing spouses who want to keep living in the home after their borrowing spouse passes away.

How Do Reverse Mortgages Work

When you have a regular mortgage, you pay the lender every month to buy your home over time. In a reverse mortgage, you get a loan in which the lender pays you. Reverse mortgages take part of the equity in your home and convert it into payments to you a kind of advance payment on your home equity. The money you get usually is tax-free. Generally, you dont have to pay back the money for as long as you live in your home. When you die, sell your home, or move out, you, your spouse, or your estate would repay the loan. Sometimes that means selling the home to get money to repay the loan.

There are three kinds of reverse mortgages: single purpose reverse mortgages offered by some state and local government agencies, as well as non-profits proprietary reverse mortgages private loans and federally-insured reverse mortgages, also known as Home Equity Conversion Mortgages .

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How Do You Qualify For A Reverse Mortgage In Canada

The Canadian government makes it easy for senior homeowners to qualify for reverse mortgages. The five things lenders typically look at are:

  • Your age
  • The equity you have in your home
  • The appraised value of your home
  • The location of your home
  • Current interest rates
  • Typically, as long as youâre 55+ and have a home thatâs worth something, youâll be approved for a reverse mortgage. Generally, the older you are, the larger amount of equity youâll be able to borrow, as the lender foresees you having less time to spend it.

    I Currently Have A Mortgage On My Home Can I Still Get A Reverse Mortgage

    How Does a Reverse Mortgage Work

    Yes, although any reverse mortgage lender will require that the proceeds from a reverse mortgage will first go to pay off the balance of your existing mortgage. As such, an existing mortgage will limit the amount of the net loan proceeds you will receive under a reverse mortgage. When considering whether a reverse mortgage is right for you, it is important to discuss with a housing counselor whether the net loan proceeds will be enough to enable you to live in your house. A list of New York non-profit housing counseling agencies is available.

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    What Are The Costs Of A Reverse Mortgage

    HUD adjusted insurance premiums for reverse mortgages in October 2017. Since lenders cant ask homeowners or their heirs to pay up if the loan balance grows larger than the homes value, the insurance premiums provide a pool of funds that lenders can draw on so that they dont lose money when this happens.

    One change was an increase in the up-front premium, from 0.5% to 2.0%, for three out of four borrowers and a decrease in the up-front premium, from 2.5% to 2.0%, for the other one out of four borrowers. The up-front premium used to be tied to how much borrowers took out in the first year, with homeowners who took out the mostbecause they needed to pay off an existing mortgagepaying the higher rate. Now, all borrowers pay the same 2.0% rate. The up-front premium is calculated based on the homes value, so for every $100,000 in appraised value, you pay $2,000. Thats $6,000 on a $300,000 house, for example. In fact, the fee is capped at $6,000, even if your home is worth more.

    All borrowers must also pay annual MIPs of 0.5% of the amount borrowed. This change saves borrowers $750 a year for every $100,000 borrowed and helps offset the higher up-front premium. It also means that the borrowers debt grows more slowly, preserving more of the homeowners equity over time, providing a source of funds later in life, and increasing the possibility of being able to pass down the home to heirs.

    Summary Of Moneys Best Reverse Mortgage Company Reviews

    The best reverse mortgage company depends on your goals as a borrower, the type of loan and loan amount you need and what kind of service youre looking for. While our guide is a good starting point for researching lenders, its important to compare at least a few different companies when getting quotes. This will ensure you get the best possible rate and terms for your needs.

    If a reverse mortgage is not the best option for you, also consider Moneys picks for the best mortgage lenders and best mortgage refinance companies.


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    What Is The Downside Of A Reverse Mortgage

    There are a few downsides of a reverse mortgage. When you take out a reverse mortgage it lowers the value of your home equity since youre borrowing against what you already own. For example, if you own $100K of your home and you use $50K in a reverse mortgage, you now only own $50K of your home.

    A reverse mortgage could also affect the ownership of your home down the line. If you live with someone and take out a reverse mortgage that you or they cant pay back, they may lose their living arrangements in the event of a foreclosure.

    Dont forget that although a reverse mortgage can provide you with a line of credit, you are still in charge of other living expenses like taxes and insurance.

    Finally, be wary of who you are borrowing money from. There are private companies or even less legitimate lenders who could take advantage of your situation or lend you something beyond your means.

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